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Libya in Anarchy Two Years After Liberation


Libya in anarchy two years after NATO Humanitarian Liberation

 

By F. William Engdahl

 

In 2011 when Muhammar Qaddafi refused to leave quietly as ruler of Libya, the Obama Administration, hiding behind the skirts of the French, launched a ferocious bombing campaign and a “No Fly” zone over the country to aid the so-called fighters for democracy. The US lied to Russia and China with help of the (US-friendly) Gulf Cooperation Council about the Security Council Resolution on Libya and used it to illegally justify the war. The doctrine, “responsibility to protect” was used instead, the same doctrine Obama wants to use in Syria. It’s useful top look at Libya two years after the NATO humanitarian intervention.

Chaos in oil industry

Libya’s economy is dependent on oil. Just after the war, Western media hailed the fact the oil installations were not damaged by the population bombing and oil production was near normal at 1.4 million barrels/day (bpd).  Then in July the armed guards hired by the government in Tripoli suddenly revolted and seized control of the eastern oil field terminals they were supposed to protect. There is where the vast bulk of Libya’s oil is produced, near Benghazi. It goes by pipeline to tankers on the Mediterranean for export.

When the government lost control of the terminals production and export fell sharply. Then another armed tribal group seized control of two oilfields in the south blocking oil flow to terminals on the northwest coast. The tribal occupiers demanded more pay and went on strike to demand pay and an end to corruption. The end result is today, early September Libya pumped a mere 150,000 barrels of its capacity of 1.6 million bpd.  Exports have fallen to 80,000 barrels per day.[1]

Armed Militias vs Muslim Brotherhood

Libya is an artificial state like much of the Middle East and Africa, carved out in the colonial era of World War I by Italy. It is ruled by tribal consensus among numerous tribes. Qaddafi was chosen in a long process of voting by tribal elders that can take up to 15 years I was told by one expert. When he was murdered and his family hunted, NATO forced rule by a Muslim Brotherhood-dominated National Transitional Council (NTC).

Now in August a new Assembly was elected dominated again by the Brotherhood as in Morsi Egypt or Tunisia.  Sounds nice on paper. The reality is that, by all accounts lawless bands, armed for the first time during the war with modern weapons,  including foreign Al Qaeda and other jihadists are carrying out daily bombings across the country for local control. Tripoli itself has numerous armed gangs controlling sections of the capitol. It is turning into an armed battle between local tribal millitias that are forming and the Brotherthood that controls the central government. Leaders in the provinces of Cyrenaica and Fezzan are considering breaking away from Tripoli and rebel militias mobilizing across the country. [2]

ScreenHunter_2293 Sep. 27 09.08

Nuri Abu Sahmain, Muslim Brotherhood President of the newly elected Congress  has summoned militias allied to the Brotherhood to the capital to try to prevent a coup, in a move the opposition sees very much like a coup by the Brotherhood. The main opposition party, a center-right National Forces Alliance, as a result just deserted Congress together with several smaller ethnic parties, leaving the Brotherhood’s Justice and Construction party heading a government with crumbling authority. “Congress has basically collapsed,” said one diplomat in Tripoli. [3] The Obama Administration has promoted a takeover across the Muslim world from Egypt to Tunisia to Syria by the secretive Muslim Brotherhood as part of its long-term strategy of controlling the Muslim Arc of Crisis from Afghanistan to Libya. As the Saudi-backed military coup against Brotherhood president Muhammed Morsi in Egypt in July showed, the Obama strategy has some problems.

Riots and lawlessness

With rising violence the Interior Minister Mohamed Khalifa al Sheikh resigned in August. Some 500 prisoners in Tripoli jail did a hunger strike to protest being held two years without charges. When the government ordered the Supreme Security Committee to restore order, they began shooting prisoners through the bars. In July 1200 prisoners escaped a jail after a riot in Benghazi. In short lawlessness and anarchy is spreading. [4]

Ethnic Berbers, whose militia led the assault on Tripoli in 2011, temporarily took over the parliament building in Tripoli. Because the US and NATO was adamant it wanted no “boots on the ground,” instead they freely gave arms to any and all rebels who would shoot at the Qaddafi government troops. Now they still have the guns and Libya was described to me by one French journalist who had recently been there as “the world’s largest open air arms bazaar,” where for cash anyone can buy any modern NATO weapon.

Foreigners have mostly fled Benghazi since the American ambassador was murdered in the US consulate by jihadi militiamen last September. And Libya’s military prosecutor Colonel Yussef Ali al-Asseifar, in charge of investigating assassinations of politicians, soldiers and journalists, was himself assassinated by a bomb in his car on 29 August.[5]

Prospects are grim as the lawlessness spreads. Sliman Qajam, a member of the parliamentary energy committee, told Bloomberg that “the government is running on its reserves. If the situation doesn’t improve, it won’t be able to pay salaries by the end of the year.”

The Obama Administration argues that the not-yet-proven use by the Assad government of chemical weapons in Syria justifies a bombing war by NATO and allies such as Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Turkey and Jordan, based on the “humanitarian” doctrine  deceptively known as “responsibility to protect,” which argues that certain violations of human rights or safety are so serious as to transcend international law, UN Charters or US constitutional requirements and allow on moral grounds any US President to bomb any country he or she chooses. Something is not quite right here. ..

Endnotes:


[1] Krishnadev Calamur, Libya Faces Looming Crisis As Oil Output Slows To Trickle, NPR, September 12, 2013, accessed in http://www.npr.org/blogs/parallels/2013/09/12/221725022/libya-faces-looming-crisis-as-oil-output-slows-to-trickle

[2] Patrick Cockburn, We all thought Libya had moved on it has but into lawlessness and ruin, 3 September 2013, accessed in http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/special-report-we-all-thought-libya-had-moved-on–it-has-but-into-lawlessness-and-ruin-8797041.html

[3] Chris Stephen, Libyans fear standoff between Muslim Brotherhood and opposition forces, The Guardian, 20 August, 2013, accessed in http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/20/libya-rebels-muslim-brotherhood-blockade

[4] Patrick Cockburn, op. cit.

[5] Ibid.

F. William Engdahl

F. William Engdahl is strategic risk consultant, author and lecturer. He is author of the best-selling book on oil and geopolitics, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order. It has been published as well in French, German, Chinese, Russian, Czech, Korean, Turkish, Croatian, Slovenian and Arabic. In 2010 he published Gods of Money: Wall Street and the Death of the American Century, completing his trilogy on the power of oil, food and money control.

Mr Engdahl is one of the more widely discussed analysts of current political and economic developments, and his provocative articles and analyses have appeared in numerous newspapers and magazines and well-known international websites. In addition to discussing oil geopolitics and energy issues, he has written on issues of agriculture, GATT, WTO, IMF, energy, politics and economics for more than 30 years, beginning the first oil shock and world grain crisis in the early 1970's. His book, ‘Seeds of Destruction: The Hidden Agenda of Genetic Manipulationhas been translated into eight languages. A new book, Full Spectrum Dominance: Totalitarian Democracy in the New World Order describes the American military power projection in terms of geopolitical strategy. He won a ‘Project Censored Award’ for Top Censored Stories for 2007-08.

Mr. Engdahl has lectured in economics at the Rhein-Main University in Germany and is a Visiting Professor in Economics at Beijing University of Chemical Technology.

After a degree in politics from Princeton University (USA), and graduate study in comparative economics at the University of Stockholm, he worked as an independent economist and research journalist in New York and later in Europe, covering subjects including the politics of energy policy in the USA and worldwide; GATT Uruguay Round trade talks, EU food policies, the grain trade monopoly, IMF policy, Third World debt issues, hedge funds and the Asia crisis.

Engdahl contributes regularly to a number of international publications on economics and political affairs including Asia Times, FinancialSense.com, 321.gold.com, The Real News, Russia Today TV, Asia Inc., GlobalResearch.com, Japan's Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Foresight magazine. He has been a frequent contributor to the New York Grant'sInvestor.com, European Banker and Business Banker International and Freitag and ZeitFragen in Germany, Globus in Croatia. He has been interviewed on various geopolitical topics on numerous international TV and radio programs including Al Jazeera, CCTV and Sina.com (China), CCTV (China) Korea Broadcasting System (KBS), and RT Russian TV. He is a Research Associate of Michel Chossudovsky’s well-respected Centre for Research on Globalization in Montreal, Canada and member of the editorial board of Eurasia magazine.

Mr Engdahl has been a featured speaker at numerous international conferences on geopolitical, GMO, economic and energy subjects. Among them are the Ministry of Science and Technology Conference on Alternative Energy, Beijing; London Centre for Energy Policy Studies of Hon. Sheikh Zaki Yamani; Turkish-Eurasian Business Council of Istanbul, Global Investors’ Forum (GIF) Montreaux Switzerland; Bank Negara Indonesia; the Russian Institute of Strategic Studies; the Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Croatian Chamber of Commerce and Economics.

He currently lives in Germany and, in addition to teaching and writing regularly on issues of international political economy and geopolitics, food security, economics, energy and international affairs, is active as a consulting political risk economist for major European banks and private investors. A sample of his writings is available at Oil Geopolitics.net

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7 Responses to "Libya in Anarchy Two Years After Liberation"

  1. franktalk  October 5, 2013 at 11:16 pm

    Balkanization of the world looks to be the plan via religious, ethnic, and political and class divisions of thought. . . .looks like these people creating this are the original racists and bigots of the planet.

  2. Shangrila01  September 27, 2013 at 8:46 pm

    I vote we let Assad and Hezbollah clean up Libya.Soon as The “Delusional Ones” stop funding death or are forced to stop…

  3. captain obvious  September 27, 2013 at 7:49 am

    the SHAME about Libya, yeah Quadaffi was a dictator about 40 years..
    he’d raised literacy from 10-15% to over 80%. he’d developed jobs, industry, water systems, roads etc.
    he’d even offered malcontents some wild land and assistance to develop it that they refused..

    HE THOUGHT he’d made deals with China, but anyone knowing some real history understands China hasnt been anything but a UK-Rothschilds-royals puppet show since the opium wars, so of course China did nothing to help Libya defend itself from invading terrorist mercenaries. if what I’m saying is a joke then why did so many of her majesty’s corporate nicknames get corporate welfare grants to move to China leaving US unemployed to pay for their move with “national deficit”?! (oh noo thats not treason at all!)

    • Shangrila01  September 27, 2013 at 8:42 pm

      It takes a wild man to tame a wild country and the measure of that once wild man control is plainly evident in the rogue lawless wild country it has become since Quadaffi death,Chief Perp Killary clinton’s time will come very soon i hope,I didn’t know what i was doing is what she will try,We came we saw he died hahahahaha. would you prefer lethal injection or some Amps….

  4. captain obvious  September 27, 2013 at 7:41 am

    1000 miles in each direction, 2000×2000 miles?
    I dont think the Roman Empire was ever close to that huge, let alone a gaggle of vampires who’ve earned a reputation to be rightfully driven out of so many countries so many times over. the Egyptian Empire at it’s peak might have, maybe, reached that far but I’d doubt they really managed and controlled it all.
    not saying YOU are wrong, but I’d think THEIR claims are very delusional.

  5. Allesandro  September 27, 2013 at 7:59 am

    The death and destruction around the world are visible, they created the Japan Tsunami and Nuclear Plant Expulsions using NUKES both on shore and Off-shore JAPAN. They attacked Syria with Nukes May 3rd, 4th, 2013. Then again on several other occasions. They think because they dialed down the nuclear yield they won’t be de6tected. They count on ignorance, their control of education, compartmental-ism etc, to keep the truth away from the public, that their media feeds football and baseball news.

    Since they say they control America completely (Sharon and Bibi), then they should take responsibility also for what they got us into on based on their control, you can’t have one and not the other. THEY HAVE INITIATED THESE ATTACKS. In addition, treachery, deception, greed, and all the other sins are on FULL exhibit by Israel. We need to stop this cancer on humanity and their “Biblical” manipulations to involve us in creations of their twisted imagination and psycho-babble.. They need to be ostracized, quarantined, shunned, before they do MORE HARM to the rest of us. NUCLEAR BLACKMAIL IS NOW THEIR GAME.

    GOD BLESS JAPAN and the spirit of the SAMURAI, honor and rightful, justified, revenge in spades for what they’ve done. So to America for 9/11. GROW A PAIR OF BALLS. Please global citizens, everyone, don’t let these attacks, dishonors, insults, murders, go UN-answered . You WILL GET MORE

    If they say they wage wars based on DECEPTION, so should we. Death with a smiling face may be an appropriate slogan.

  6. mijj  September 27, 2013 at 7:47 pm

    re Israel’s borders:

    Israel doesn’t actually have defined borders. This reveals a fundamental truth about Israel. Israel has no borders because Israel encompasses the whole world.

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