The Democrat Party is the oldest continually functioning political party in the world, dating back to 1792, as the Jeffersonian Republicans or Democratic-Republicans. it was the party of Thomas Jefferson; a party formed in opposition to the aristocratic Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and the Founders who believed in a strong central government. The name “Democrat Party” was adopted in the 1830’s during the Jackson Presidency.
From UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, 2009: “The Democratic-Republican Party stood for states’ rights in opposition to the powerful central government the Federalists were building. As such, its members believed in strict interpretation of the Constitution, limited central government, and a small national military. Democratic-Republican Party policies represented the interests of common free men, particularly U.S. farmers, craftsmen, and laborers. Its economic policies reflected the needs of small businesses and individuals rather than of wealthy merchants and large commercial ventures. It also was the party of the plantation economy in the South.”
On the other hand, the Federalist Party originated during George Washington’s first administration (1789-1793), and it dominated the government until the defeat of President John Adams who ran for reelection in 1800. Thereafter, the party unsuccessfully contested the presidency through 1816 and remained a political force in some states until the 1820s. Its members then passed into both the Democratic and the Whig parties around 1834.
Those who became members of the Whig Party met in Ripon, Wisconsin, “to establish a new party to oppose the spread of slavery which was one of the goals of the Democrat Party, into the western territories of the United State”. Slavery was stridently promoted by President Andrew Jackson. The Whig Party was opposed to the “tyranny” of Jackson, but had shown itself incapable of coping with the national crisis over slavery.
Make no doubt about it, slavery was the biggest issue of the day and had Americans divided on the issue, much as the nation is divided today on conservative issues (strict constitutional interpretation), and liberal-progressive issues (contending the U.S. Constitution is a living documents subject to the whims of the political party in power).
History.com states, “With the successful introduction of the Kansas-Nebraska Bill of 1854, an act that dissolved the terms of the Missouri Compromise and allowed slave or free status to be decided in the territories by popular sovereignty, the Whigs disintegrated. By February 1854, anti-slavery Whigs had begun meeting in the upper mid-western states to discuss the formation of a new party”. March 20, 1854, is generally remembered as the founding meeting of the Republican Party.
Understanding the Democrat support of slavery (free labor) to keep the slave states’ agricultural product as competitive as possible, one can see the rise of anger which culminated in the Civil War. Feelings often went well beyond angry words:
On May 22, 1856, the U.S. Senate, today known as “the world’s greatest deliberative body”, became a combat zone. Civility broke down in a complete display of barbarism when a member of the House of Representatives entered the Senate chamber and savagely beat a Senator Charles Sumner into unconsciousness. Three days earlier Senator Sumner gave an explosive anti-slavery speech, which became known as his “Crime Against Kansas” speech, wherein Sumner identified two Democratic senators as the principal culprits in the crime of slavery and went so far as to accuse South Carolina Senator, Andrew Butler, of taking “the harlot, Slavery” as his mistress. As for the second senator, Stephen Douglas of Illinois, Sumner characterized him as a “noise-some, squat, and nameless animal . . . not a proper model for an American senator.”
South Carolina representative Preston Brooks, was one of Andrew Butler’s South Carolina congressional colleagues, and he charged into the Senate after it had adjourned to confront Sumner. In earlier times Brook may have challenged Sumner to a dual, but those days of honor were long passed when discussing the slavery issue. Upon entering the Senate Brooks went right after Sumner with a light cane (type used to discipline unruly dogs) and slammed the metal-topped cane into the Sumner’s head. Sumner tried to defend himself but after many blows and bleeding profusely, he was carried away for medical treatment, barely alive.
The severity of this encounter, much like the dual system of justice being doled out today to Democrats for wrong doing, Brooks calmly walked out of the Senate and only received a “censure” in the form of a House Resolution. His actions like those of his counterparts in today’s Democrat Party, made him a hero in the party. He did resign but was reelected in the following election. His karma ran out when he died at the age of 37. Sumner, the good guy in this situation, served in the Senate for 18 more years.
Abraham Lincoln won the presidency in 1860 and the Civil war broke out in 1861, when Confederate shore batteries under General Beauregard opened fire on Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Bay.
The Civil War firmly marked the Republican Party as the party of the victorious North and the party of anti-slavery. After the war ended and the Emancipation Proclamation was enacted, the Republican-dominated Congress forced a reconstruction policy on the South, and led to the passage of which the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution and the granting of equal rights to all Southern citizens, including Blacks.
With the Democrat’s power in the South diminished by the Civil War, and in light of their unfailing support for the racist policies that were in-bred into many people, the Democrats turned to the Ku Klux Klan, which became the enforcement arm of segregationalist policies that would last into the mid 1900’s, reigning fear and terror on Blacks and any White sympathizer who got in their way.
There was a brief period right after the Civil War when it appeared America had turned over a new leaf. By 1875, Republicans, both black and white, had worked together to pass over two dozen civil rights bills. Unfortunately, their momentum came to a screeching halt in 1876 when the Democratic Party took near-complete control of Congress. “Hell bent on preventing blacks from voting, Southern Democrats devised nearly a dozen shady schemes, like requiring literacy tests, misleading election procedures, redrawing election lines, changing polling locations, creating white-only primaries, and even rewriting state constitutions. Talk about disenfranchising black voters! There were also lynchings . . . According to the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law, between 1882 and 1964 an estimated 3,446 blacks and 1,279 whites were lynched at the hands of the Klan.
Yet with this dastardly and appalling record of treatment toward Black America, the Democrats along with their take-over of the federal Department of Education, the leftist mainstream media, and the history revisionists, this 70 years of the brutal racism has all but been erased from public school textbooks. They have escaped their culpability and have managed to change directions, pinning the racist labels on Republicans. They have somehow managed to dumb-down an entire country into believing the Democrat Party is the party of equal rights for all.
Nazi Propaganda Minister, Joseph Goebbels, has been mis-credited with saying, “If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it.” He has been given credit probably due to the many lies he developed for the Nazis. But such attribution could easily be given to Adolph Hitler himself, who wrote, “The most brilliant propagandist technique will yield no success unless one fundamental principle is borne in mind constantly and with unflagging attention. It must confine itself to a few points and repeat them over and over. Here, as so often in this world, persistence is the first and most important requirement for success. [See “War propaganda” in volume 1, chapter 6 of Mein Kampf (1925)]
This, even in the face that all the equal rights amendments and laws that have been enacted during this tumultuous period in American history, all of which have been strongly supported by the Republican Party, there has been no demonization of Democrats and Democrat politicians who were actively supportive of the Klan, like Sen. Robert Byrd (WV); Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black; and many others including the rumors that the KKK extended as high as President Warren Harding and possibly Harry Truman.
A vast majority of Republicans were needed to overcome a majority of Democrat opposition in all matters that related to equal rights for Black America. It wasn’t Republicans standing in the doorways of southern schools preventing integration; it wasn’t Republicans turning dogs and fire hoses loose on peaceful protestors; it wasn’t Republicans making Blacks ride in the back of buses; it wasn’t Republicans who didn’t allow Blacks to vote, demanded segregation in our military forces, forced Blacks to eat at separate lunch counters, and use separate “Blacks Only” bathrooms and drinking fountains.
In Part 2 we will look at how this all translates into a long history – a genealogy of sorts – of hate, racism, violence, and an underlying disgust to the concepts that made America great.
Posted by Ed Mattson on February 26, 2017, With 682 Reads Filed under Civil Liberties & Freedom, Civil War (1861-1865), Democracy & Elections, Government & Politics. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.