Safe zones in Syria: Astana’s key to political settlement

Working groups will report on proposed zones on May 22, the US is not thus far involved

Editor’s note: De Mistura says that the Putin/Trump phone conversation may well have provided the basis for this agreement.

According to director of the Kazakh MFA Department for Asia and Africa Aidarbek Tumatov, today’s Astana process of signing a new memorandum on tensions de-escalation zones will allow to stop bloodshed in Syria and initiate a new political dialogue.

The main points.

According to the document at our disposal, 4 zones of the escalation of tensions are to be created in Idlib governorate, to the north of Homs, Eastern Ghouta and in the south part of Syria. The exact coordinates of the zones will be determined by guarantor states May 22.

The working group will be created within five days.

FSA rejects Asana Safe-Zone Agreement (video)

It is expected that the usage of arms will be prohibited inside the zones and the humanitarian organizations will be provided with all the necessary assistance. The measures on restoring urban infrastructure, water supply and other life support systems will be also taken.

Along the de-escalation zones borders it is planned to create lines of demarcation to prevent ceasefire violations. There also should be checkpoints for civilians, delivery of goods and humanitarian aid.
It was also said that Iran, Russia and Turkey act as a guarantor of peace and security in the region and at the same time support the territorial integrity and independence of Syria.

Opposition’s view

Inside Syria Media Center tried to find out opposition’s point of view on this issue.

Qadri Jamil

The head of the Syrian opposition’s Moscow Group Qadri Jamil said, that all sides support the idea of creation such zones and their presence can actually stop bloodshed and create favorable conditions for political settlement in Syria.

Mahmoud al-Hamza

Mahmoud al-Hamza, a member of the Syria National Council also stated that he welcomes any steps aimed at reducing violence as the Syrian are tired of war and yearn for peace. He stressed that such an initiative should be implemented.
Along with this, some analysts express their concern regarding that it’s not clear which foreign troops may be placed in Syria to provide security for the four-zone perimeter in the country.  Some observers call upon strengthening the security for civilians not only inside the safe zones.

Analogies

Not so long ago the U.S. put up an initiative to create “no-fly zones” and “safe zones” in Syria while Turkey offered to set up refugee zones along the Syrian-Turkish border. However, there were concerns that Washington and Ankara may support the Syrian opposition under the pretext of a humanitarian operation. According to CNN, Donald Trump  is ready to discuss and even adopt the initiative.

The two previous scenarios of informal zones of influence according to ISMC and XAirForces

Conclusion

To sum up, such zones is a decisive step towards the settlement of the conflict. It’s important that their creation goes side by side with the political dialogue. Meanwhile, a lot will depend on how scrupulously the parties will comply with the memorandum.

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Posted by on May 4, 2017, With 2684 Reads Filed under Russia. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

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7 Responses to "Safe zones in Syria: Astana’s key to political settlement"

  1. Dr. Abu-Bakr Susta  May 6, 2017 at 1:32 am

    Use the enemies’ “Safe Zones” weapons against them?

  2. Cold Wind  May 5, 2017 at 3:41 am

    Putin’s ‘safe zones’ are the same as Trump’s. In effect it is a betrayal of Assad and the Syrian people, dividing Syria, as it does, into autonomously controlled regions. It is absurd to think Assad can remain intact after this division or that the territorial integrity of Syria will have any meaning. Russia was invited into Syria at the behest of Assad and now Putin feels he can ignore Assad and determine Syria’s fate according to what best serves Russia’s interest and not Syria’s. One has to ask: is Russia ever a reliable partner?

  3. Amelius  May 4, 2017 at 11:20 pm

    Why does that map show US safe zones protecting the terrorists and illegal Israeli settlements in the Golan heights area? Why should a country that has no permission, no justification and no authority to be be operating in Syria, be allowed to establish “safe zones”. I wonder how safe Assad feels with illegal US invaders wanting to occupy large areas of his country? He knows better than anyone else, that the USG helped facilitate this war and has been sponsoring terrorists to overthrow his government since the beginning. He also knows that if they succeed, Syria will become a totally failed state, like everywhere else the USG and their terrorist thugs have destroyed all over the Middle East. If it were not for unwanted and illegal US intervention, the Syrian war would already be over. The idea that the US wants to go in there to fight the terrorists they’ve invested billions in, and to fight against Syria’s duly elected president, is beyond embarrassing. This is sad to see this happening. Whatever happens, I hope Syria wins the war and they get to keep their leader.

  4. Trakkath  May 4, 2017 at 10:32 pm

    Who is behind Astana, who financed them and what is their purpose ? Not so strange to compare it with Rothschild´s UN.

    • Trakkath  May 5, 2017 at 9:42 pm

      Maybe US is not direct, but involved by proxies in this betrayel

  5. paul becke  May 4, 2017 at 4:28 pm

    … and that he wasn’t sure about the first !

  6. Eduardo  May 4, 2017 at 3:14 pm

    Initiate a new political dialogue? Yeah, right.
    Land grab completed. Syria turns into Libya politically, as all criminals involved get a bite.The “US SAFE ZONES” on above map make great sense for a Greater Israel.
    Welcome to a political Zionist democracy and a very futile future.
    What did Einstein say about humanity? Two things are infinite: the Universe and the stupidity of humanity….

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