First Russian submarines

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Drzewiecki submarine. Beginning in 1877, during the Russo-Turkish War, Stefan Drzewiecki developed several models of propeller-driven submarines that evolved from single-person vessels to a four-man model.

Drzewiecki submarine. Beginning in 1877, during the Russo-Turkish War, Stefan Drzewiecki developed several models of propeller-driven submarines that evolved from single-person vessels to a four-man model.
© Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering ‘Rubin’

Delfin submarine. Delfin (Russian: "Dolphin") was the first combat-capable Russian submarine, commissioned in 1903 and decommissioned in 1917, having served during World War I. The submarine was powered by one gasoline/electric motor. The ship was crewed by 22 men

Delfin submarine. Delfin (Russian: “Dolphin”) was the first combat-capable Russian submarine, commissioned in 1903 and decommissioned in 1917, having served during World War I. The submarine was powered by one gasoline/electric motor. The ship was crewed by 22 men
© Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering ‘Rubin’

Submarines of Bars type: Volk (Russian: "Wolf"), Bars (Russian: "Leopard"), Gepard (Russian: "Cheetah"). The Bars class were a group of submarines built for the Imperial Russian Navy during World War I

Submarines of Bars type: Volk (Russian: “Wolf”), Bars (Russian: “Leopard”), Gepard (Russian: “Cheetah”). The Bars class were a group of submarines built for the Imperial Russian Navy during World War I
© Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering ‘Rubin’

Tigr (Russian: "Tiger") submarine of Bars-class. A total of 24 Bars-class boats were built between 1914 and 1917

Tigr (Russian: “Tiger”) submarine of Bars-class. A total of 24 Bars-class boats were built between 1914 and 1917
© Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering ‘Rubin’

Kasatka submarine. Six boats of Kasatka-class were built by Baltic works St. Petersburg and launched in 1904

Kasatka submarine. Six boats of Kasatka-class were built by Baltic works St. Petersburg and launched in 1904
© wikimedia.org

Kasatka-class submarine. The boats were re-built around 1910 with diesel engines added and new conning towers replacing the older structure

Kasatka-class submarine. The boats were re-built around 1910 with diesel engines added and new conning towers replacing the older structure
© Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering ‘Rubin’

Feldmarshal Graf Sheremetev submarine (Kasatka-class). The boat was paid for by public subscription with the Sheremetev family as major donors

Feldmarshal Graf Sheremetev submarine (Kasatka-class). The boat was paid for by public subscription with the Sheremetev family as major donors
© wikimedia.org

Russia’s submarine fleet marks 110 years on March 19. Over this period, domestic submarine passed through several stages of development – from the tiny “secret vessels” to the world’s largest nuclear missile-carrying submarines. The first time military submarines had significant impact on a war was in World War I. First Russian submarines – in this gallery by TASS.

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