The images from the Malheur national wildlife refuge in rural Harney County – where anti-government activists, led by Ammon Bundy, staged a takeover in January to protest federal land-use regulations – show piles of garbage, offices turned upside down, abandoned camping gear, food and alcohol, broken walls and excavated grounds.
Government officials who run the bird sanctuary have also revealed that the cost of the occupation for the federal agency is at least $6m – a number that could grow as workers continue to assess and repair damage.
Since the high-profile occupation, which drew armed militiamen from across the country, began 2 January at the headquarters of the refuge, protest leaders have insisted that they were not damaging any public property and were instead cleaning up facilities.
But after dozens of activists joined the occupation – some working on federal computers, rummaging through office records and artifacts, building roads and trenches and establishing group living quarters on site – officials say the damage was significant and costly.
“These pictures are a microcosm of how bad it really was,” said Jason Holm, assistant regional director for the Fish and Wildlife Service. The agency took the photos after the FBI completed its extensive sweep of the site, removing evidence in the government’s criminal conspiracy case, which now includes 26 defendantsfacing serious charges for their roles in the standoff.
“It brings out some emotions and some anger,” Holm said, referring to the reactions from the federal employees who have returned to the refuge. “They are thrilled to be back. These are people who generally don’t become biologists to be in the public sphere. They love creatures and places and are passionate about doing their jobs.”
Attorneys representing the jailed activists and supporters of the occupation have argued that the public should not trust the official damage reports from the FBI and other federal agencies. Critics have recently pointed to formal allegations thatFBI agents may have lied and removed evidence in the fatal shooting of protester LaVoy Finicum as a clear indication of the government’s dishonest tactics in its investigation and ongoing prosecution.
During the occupation, activists renamed the refuge the Harney County Resource Center and argued that the federal government has no authority on the state’s public lands and should instead allow local control.
After federal prosecutors this week revealed new charges against one standoff participant for allegedly damaging government property, occupier Shawna Cox –who is one of the defendants in the case on house arrest while awaiting trial – said the protesters were respectful of the site and caused no damage.
“Everyone was out there fixing and cleaning,” she said by phone. “I can’t imagine them [damaging property]. They’re not that type of people.”
The agency spent roughly $2m relocating employees and their families throughout the region, according to Holm, who said many faced threats from activists online and in person in Harney County. Some anti-government protesters confronted workers in the local town of Burns and some refuge employees reported being followed and stalked at their homes, Holm said.
“Strange cars were parked in front of houses. There were encounters at grocery stores where people were confronted,” said Holm, adding that the government had intel suggesting one federal refuge employee was “targeted for kidnapping”.
The wildlife service also spent roughly $2.3m on law enforcement and estimates it will spend $1.7m to restore damaged property and replace missing items, Holm said.
This $6m is in addition to the more than $3m that Oregon government agenciesreported spending on the occupation.
During the occupation, protesters, visitors, reporters and others were free to enter most buildings at the refuge, which activists say were unlocked when they took over.
Some workers returned to their offices to find personal belongings and government equipment gone, including money and cameras, Holm said.
The refuge is now open to the public, except for the headquarters where the occupation occurred, which could remain closed until early summer. Employees are currently stationed in temporary trailers.
• A previous version of this story said buildings were unlocked at the refuge, a claim of the activists that the US Fish and Wildlife Service disputes.