The Kissinger Deception in the Yom Kippur War

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The Valley of Tears (Emek Habaha), where Israel stopped the Syrians in 1973
The Valley of Tears (Emek Habaha), where Israel stopped the Syrians in 1973

…by Uri Avnery,    …with Gush Shalom

A white haired Uri the rebel with Arafat in 1982 in Beirut
A white haired Uri the rebel with Arafat in 1982 in Beirut

[ Editor’s note: This is a classical Uri piece, combining his many decades of intimate Israeli military and political history, including first hand knowledge of some of the accounts. He is one of the few elected officials still living who was there.

No one but Uri could tell a Kissinger story like this. He was the ultimate amoral American, meaning that he was not immoral, but just didn’t have any morals at all. Some one say a stereotypical example, the worst in diplomacy and worst of his tribe, whatever that was.

Most military historians know that he who can replenish dwindling ammo stocks during a shooting becomes the boss. By NATO’s thinking, they are slick in keeping low stocks, so the US always has to be the reserve, which happened even during the Libyan no-fly zone.

In exchange for the US covering 70% of NATO expenses, Europe accepts US security domination, which is why the EU and NATO are onboard the Ukrainian disaster and Russian sanctions, which makes the region less secure and not more, because NATO is using it as a scam to push up to the Russian border.

The EU airheads are idiots for allowing themselves to be played like this, but they have a quality of leadership problem just like we do in the States. Let me state it plainer. We have a leadership class that is a national security threat. But we vote them in, so whose fault is it really? Can we play the victim after giving them the votes needed to win, other than the easy-to-rig close races?

We need to be more critical of ourselves about taking ownership of the problem. Uri does that, and as he mentions below, he was treated as a pariah by the Israeli establishment, similar to how VT is treated by MSM. In that way, we have a lot in common with Uri, but not too much moreJim W. Dean ]

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– First published  …  October 14, 2016 –

I am writing this (may God forgive me) on Yom Kippur. Exactly 43 years ago, at this exact moment, the sirens sounded.We were sitting in the living room, looking out on one of Tel Aviv’s main streets. The city was completely silent. No cars. No traffic of any kind.

Israeli soldier prays at the start of the Yom Kippur War
Israeli soldier prays at the start of the Yom Kippur War

A few children were riding about on their bicycles, which is allowed on Yom Kippur, Judaism’s holiest day. Just like now. Rachel, my wife, I, and our guest, Professor Hans Kreitler, were in deep conversation. The professor, a renowned psychologist, was living nearby, so he could come on foot.

And then the silence was pierced by a siren. For a moment we thought that it was a mistake, but then it was joined by another and another. We went to the window and saw a commotion. The street, that had been totally empty a few minutes before, began to fill up with vehicles, military and civilian.


And then the radio, which had been silent for Yom Kippur, came on. War had broken out.

A few days ago, I was asked if I was prepared to talk on TV about the role of Henry Kissinger in this war. I agreed, but at the last moment the program was canceled, because the station had to devote the time to showing Jews asking God for forgiveness at the Western Wall (alias the Wailing Wall). In these Netanyahu times, God, of course, comes first.

So, instead of talking on TV, I shall write down my thoughts on the subject here.

Kissinger with Golda Meir, Israel's prime minister at the time of the Yom Kippur War
Kissinger with Golda Meir, Israel’s prime minister during the Yom Kippur War

Henry Kissinger has always intrigued me. Once my friend Yael, the daughter of Moshe Dayan, took me – in the great man’s absence, of course, since he was my enemy – to his large collection of unread books and asked me to choose a book as a present. I chose a book of Kissinger’s, and was much impressed by it.

Like Shimon Peres and I, Kissinger was born in 1923. He was a few months older than the other two of us. His family left Nazi Germany five years later than I and went to the US, via England. We both had to start working very early, but he went on with his studies and became a professor, while poor me never finished elementary school.

I was impressed by the wisdom of his books. He approached history without sentiment and dwelt especially on the Congress of Vienna, after Napoleon’s downfall, in which a group of wise statesmen laid the groundwork for a stable, absolutist Europe.

Kissinger stressed the importance of their decision to invite the representative of vanquished France (Talleyrand). They realized that France must be part of the new system. To ensure peace, they believed, no one should be left out of the new system.

Unfortunately, Kissinger in power disregarded this wisdom of Kissinger the Professor. He left the Palestinians out.

Egyptian Soldiers celebrate the crossing of the Suez canal, Ramadan/Yom Kippur War, 1973
Egyptian Soldiers celebrate the crossing of the Suez canal, Ramadan/Yom Kippur War, 1973

The subject I was to speak about on TV was a question that has intrigued and troubled Israeli historians since that fateful Yom Kippur: Did Kissinger know about the impending Egyptian-Syrian attack? Did he deliberately abstain from warning Israel, because of his own nefarious designs?

After the war, Israel was rent asunder by one question: why had our government, led by Prime Minister Golda Meir and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, disregarded all the signs of the coming attack? Why had they not called up the army reserves in time?

Why had they not sent the tanks to our strongholds along the Suez Canal? When the Egyptians attacked, the line was thinly held by second-class troops. Most soldiers were sent home for the high religious holiday. The line was easily overrun.

Israeli intelligence knew, of course, of the massive movement of Egyptian units towards the canal. They disregarded it as an empty maneuver to frighten Israel.

To understand this, one has to remember that after the incredible victory of the Israeli army only six years earlier, when it smashed all the neighboring armies in six days, our army had abysmal contempt for the Egyptian armed forces. The idea that they could dare to carry out such a momentous operation seemed ridiculous.

Add to this the general contempt for Anwar al-Sadat, the man who had inherited power from the legendary Gamal Abd-al-Nasser a few years earlier. Among the group of “Free Officers” who, led by Nasser, had carried out the bloodless 1952 revolution in Egypt, Sadat was considered the least intelligent, and therefore appointed by consent as Nasser’s deputy.

Anwar Sadat with Golda Meir in Israel 1977
Anwar Sadat with Golda Meir in Israel, 1977

In Egypt, a country of innumerable jokes, there was joke about that, too. Sadat had a conspicuous brown spot on his forehead.

According to the joke, whenever a subject came up in a Free Officers’ Council meeting, and everyone expressed his view, Sadat would stand up last and start to speak. Nasser would put his finger on his forehead, press it gently and say: “Sit down, Anwar, sit down.”

In the course of the six years between the wars, Sadat several times conveyed to Golda that he was ready for peace negotiations, based on Israel’s withdrawal from the occupied Sinai Peninsula. Golda contemptuously refused. In fact, Nasser himself had decided on such a move just before he died. I played a small role in conveying this information to our government.

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US Political Strategy has Survived

Back to 1973: almost at the last moment, Israel was warned by a well-placed spy, no less than Nasser’s son-in-law. The message gave the exact date of the impending attack, but the wrong hour: instead of noon, it predicted the early evening. A difference of several fateful hours. In Israel it was later debated whether the man was a double agent and had give the false hour on purpose. It was too late to ask him – he had died in mysterious circumstances.

David Elazar during the Yom Kippur War
David Elazar during the Yom Kippur War

When Golda informed Kissinger about the impending Egyptian move, he warned her not to carry out a preemptive strike, which would put Israel in the wrong.

Golda, trusting Kissinger, obeyed, contrary to the views of the Israel Chief of Staff, David Elazar, nicknamed Dado. Kissinger also delayed informing his own boss, President Nixon, by two hours. So what was Kissinger’s game?

For him, the main American aim was to drive the Soviets out of the Arab world, leaving the US as the sole power in the region. In his world of “realpolitik”, this was the only objective that mattered. Everybody else, including us poor Israelis, were just pawns on the giant chessboard.

A major but controlled war was, for Kissinger, the practical way to make everybody in the region dependent on the US.

When the Egyptian and Syrian attacks initially succeeded, Israel was in panic. Dayan, who in this crisis showed himself to be the nincompoop he really was, bewailed the “destruction of the Third Temple”, adding our state to the two Jewish temples of antiquity which were destroyed by the Assyrians and the Romans respectively. The army command, under Dado, kept its cool and planned its counter-moves with admirable precision.

Israeli tank driving past wounded soldiers during the Yom Kippur War (October 1973).
Israeli tank driving past wounded soldiers during the Yom Kippur War, October 1973.

But munitions were running out quickly, and Golda turned in despair to Kissinger. He set in motion an “air bridge” of supplies, giving Israel just enough to defend itself. Not more.

The Soviet Union was helpless to interfere. Kissinger was king of the situation. With remarkable resilience and using the weapons delivered by Kissinger, the Israeli army turned the tables, pushing the Syrians back well beyond their starting point and nearing Damascus.

On the Southern front, Israeli units crossed the Suez Canal and could have started an offensive towards Cairo.

It was a rather confused picture: an Egyptian army was still east of the Canal, practically encircled but still able to defend itself, while the Israeli army was behind its back, west of the canal, also in a dangerous position, liable to be cut off from its homeland. Altogether, a classic “fight with reversed fronts”.

If the war had run its course, the Israeli army would have reached the gates of Damascus and Cairo, and the Egyptian and Syrian armies would have begged for a cease-fire on Israeli terms. That’s where Kissinger came in.

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Field Marshal Mohamed Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy
Field Marshal Mohamed Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy

The Israeli advance was stopped on Kissinger’s orders 101 km from Cairo. There a tent was set up and permanent cease-fire negotiations started.

Egypt was represented by a senior officer, Abd-al-Rani Gamassi, who soon captured the sympathy of the Israeli journalists. The Israeli representative was Aharon Yariv, former chief of army intelligence, a member of the government and a general of the reserves.

Yariv was soon recalled to his seat in the cabinet. He was replaced by a very popular regular army general, Israel Tal, nicknamed Talik, who happened to be a friend of mine.

Talik was devoted to peace, and I often urged him to leave the army and become the leader of the Israeli peace camp. He refused, because his overriding passion was to create the Merkava, an original Israeli tank that would give its crew maximum security.

Andrei Gromyko
The legendary Andrei Gromyko

Immediately after the fighting, I met Talik regularly for lunch in a well-known restaurant. Passersby may have wondered about these two – the famous tank general and the journalist universally hated by the entire establishment – conversing together.

Talik told me – in confidence, of course – about what had happened: one day Gamassy had taken him aside and told him that he had received new instructions – instead of talking about a cease-fire, he could negotiate an Israel-Egyptian peace.

Immensely excited, Talik flew to Tel-Aviv and disclosed the news to Golda Meir.

But Golda was cool. She told Talik to abstain from any talk about peace. When she saw his utter consternation, she explained that she had promised Kissinger that any talks about peace must be held under American auspices.

And so it happened: a cease-fire agreement was signed and a peace conference was called in Geneva, officially under joint US and Soviet auspices. I went to Geneva to see what would happen.

Kissinger was there to dictate terms, but Andrei Gromyko, his Soviet counterpart, was a tough customer. After a few speeches, the conference adjourned without results.

For me it was an important event, because there I met a British journalist, Edward Mortimer, who arranged for me to meet the PLO representative in London, Said Hamami. Thus the first Israeli-PLO meeting came about. But that is another story.

The Yom Kippur war cost many thousands of lives — Israeli, Egyptian and Syrian. Kissinger achieved his goal. The Soviets lost the Arab world to the United States. Until Vladimir Putin came along.

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10 COMMENTS

  1. “For a war in the Sinai desert, tanks are the main instrument. Israelian tank commanders/officers are educated according to the guidelines of Mr. Guderian, they are simply better trained as their Arabian counterparts.”

    Uh, no. You don’t know much about the course of the war in the Sinai on the tactical level, do you? Guderian, like all his contemporaries, understood the importance of combined arms. The Zionists, in their arrogance, had abandoned combined arms doctrine, and were operating pure tank formations without proper infantry support. The 1973 war saw the debut of the Sagger, which was the first use of an ATGM in a major war, and it was devastating to the Zionist tanks precisely because they lacked infantry support. In time, they evolved means to deal with it, but your comment is utter nonsense.

  2. Thanks to Dr. Ezzat’s recent VT article, we now know about sources like this ( Josephus ) :

    « 1st century Roman Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus in book ‘The War of Jews’ had quoted Jewish rebel commader at Masada in 73 CE, saying: “Where is this city that was believed to have God himself inhabiting therein? It is now demolished to the very foundations, and hath nothing left but that monument of it preserved, I mean the camp of those that hath destroyed it, which still dwells upon its ruins”. »

  3. I always thought the temple was built by Hiram, a Phoenician man
    ( Byblos, Sidon, Tyre )

    « 10 Hiram gave Solomon all the cedar and pine logs he needed.
    11 In return, Solomon gave Hiram about one hundred twenty-five
    thousand bushels of wheat and about one thousand one hundred
    gallons of pure olive oil each year.
    12 The Lord kept his promise and made Solomon wise. Hiram and Solomon
    signed a treaty and never went to war against each other. » ( 1 Kings )

    Hm.. evidently the treaty was broken?
    ( But the Phoenicians are not around any more – I guess the Romans destroyed them )

  4. who will buy into this past… “Everybody else, including us poor Israelis, were just pawns on the giant chessboard” …. when truth travels too fast for a “poor israeli’s” cover….providing the control room for ISIS when truth travels too fast…”hundreds of militants have moved from Idlib to Jordan via Israel to join other rebels to restructure a new battalion that will be armed to the teeth and will operate under the command of a joint operation room with Israel,”….http://en.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13950802000773
    After photos of hundreds of ISIL’s Toyota pickups seized or targeted by the Syrian Army were sent by the Russian army to the Toyota Company in Japan, the company revealed a list of its main customers that have bought the vehicles.
    The customers’ list shows that a Saudi firm has purchased a sum of 22,500 trucks, Qatar 32,000, the UAE 11,650 and the Jordanian Army 4,500 vehicles from Toyota company. The Jordanian Army had received loans from several Saudi banks for payments.
    A large number of the purchased-vehicles by the four Arab countries have already been delivered to the ISIL terrorists in Syrian and Iraq.
    Informed sources have confirmed that ISIL has now over 6,000 Toyota vehicles…….poor israel my ass

  5. Thank you very much for bringing this subject back to memory. It’s such a vital piece of the puzzle in understanding the situation we all are in today. The battle of St. George and the Dragon are truly at hand….

  6. Amazing story. But I didn’t understand exactly what happened towards the end in Geneva:

    ” but Andrei Gromyko, his Soviet counterpart, was a tough customer…”

    So the peace deal was off – due to Gromyko?

    But why would that lead to Soviet losing influence and America gaining?

  7. Using Kissinger and deception in the same sentence; isn’t that redundant?

    Never trusted the guy. An older friend of mine had to work around him in the Pentagon and said he was soulless SOB. Using him to solve a problem for you is like asking Al Capone for a favor. While he may have have helped the US to remain as a major power, to this day he is STILL selling all those who trusted him out to the New World Order.

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