FDA to Decrease Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes: Believe it When You See It

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Health Editor’s Note:  So now the FDA wants to start the process of decreasing nicotine levels in cigarettes. After years of looking the other way while big tobacco hit smokers with  increased the levels of nicotine to insure rapid and solid addiction to nicotine, now we are to believe that they will decrease nicotine . Think about it…..while major cigarette companies have paid millions for anti-smoking campaigns, they increase the nicotine content to make cigarettes more addictive.  Philip Morris denies this claim, stating that there are natural variations in nicotine content of tobacco plants that would account for the appearance that nicotine levels have  been boosted.  Governmental and non- governmental studies have both shown that nicotine content in cigarettes have been boosted, despite claims by tobacco companies…..Do we believe that we will see a decrease in nicotine content of cigarettes? I for one am not holding my breath…….Carol   

FDA to Lower Nicotine in Cigarettes

Specifics to come after public input, Gottlieb says

by Salynn Boyles, Contributing Writer

The FDA has issued an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) to explore lowering nicotine levels in combustible cigarettes to non-addictive levels, FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, announced Thursday.

“This new regulatory step advances a comprehensive policy framework that we believe could help avoid millions of tobacco-related deaths across the country,” Gottlieb explained in a written press statement.

The proposal to reduce nicotine levels in cigarettes is the centerpiece of a comprehensive tobacco regulatory strategy announced by FDA officials last July.

The FDA will conduct a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence involving nicotine’s role in cigarette addiction and seek input from the public. At this time, however, no specific nicotine limit has been set.

“We’re interested in public input on critical questions such as: What potential maximum nicotine level would be appropriate for the protection of public health? Should a product standard be implemented all at once or gradually? What unintended consequences — such as the potential for illicit trade or for addicted smokers to compensate for lower nicotine by smoking more — might occur as a result?” Gottlieb said in the statement.

He added that the FDA will soon issue two additional ANPRMs: one to seek data and comment on the role that flavors — including menthol — play in the initiation, use and cessation of tobacco products, and another to further explore the regulation of premium cigars.

The FDA commissioner also vowed to jump start efforts to speed development and regulation of novel nicotine replacement therapies to give smokers who want to quit more options to help them do so.”When I returned to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration last year, it was immediately clear that tackling tobacco use — and cigarette smoking in particular — would be one of the most important actions I could take to advance public health,” the statement said.

“With that in mind, we’re taking a pivotal step today that could ultimately bring us closer to our vision of a world where combustible cigarettes would no longer create or sustain addiction — making it harder for future generations to become addicted in the first place and allowing more currently addicted smokers to quit or switch to potentially less harmful products.”

In an early afternoon press briefing, Gottlieb discussed finding from an analysis estimating the public health benefit of lowering nicotine in cigarettes to non-addictive levels, published Thursday in the New England Journal of Medicine in conjunction with the FDA announcement.

The analysis suggested that about 5 million additional adult smokers would kick the habit within a year of reducing nicotine in cigarettes to non-addictive levels. By the year 2100, according to the model, more than 33 million people — mostly youth and young adults — would have avoided becoming smokers and smoking rates would drop from the current 15% to 1.4%.

“All told, this framework could result in more than 8 million fewer tobacco-caused deaths through the end of the century,” Gottlieb said. “These estimates underscore the tremendous opportunity to save so many lives and forge a new path forward to combat the overwhelming disease and death caused by cigarettes.”

Roughly 40 million people in the U.S. smoke cigarettes, and tobacco use is estimated to contribute to more than 480,000 deaths each year.

FDA Center for Tobacco Products director Mitch Zeller, JD, said establishing a maximum nicotine level that would make cigarettes non-addictive has the potential to get adult smokers to quit and keep future generations of kids who experiment with cigarettes from becoming addicted.

A spokesman for tobacco giant R.J. Reynolds vowed to work with federal officials as they move forward.

“As this process gets underway, we look forward to working with FDA on its science-based review of nicotine levels in cigarettes and to build on the opportunity of establishing a regulatory framework that is based on tobacco harm reduction and recognizes the continuum of risk,” said R.J. Reynolds executive vice president James Figlar.

But Erika Sward of the American Lung Association said the FDA can expect challenges from tobacco companies.

“We can expect to see them put forward illegitimate and faulty studies during the fact-finding process,” she told MedPage Today. “An immense amount of political will be needed to get this across the finish line.”

Sward called on the FDA to consider reducing nicotine levels to non-addictive levels in all combustible tobacco products.

This sentiment was echoed by Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids president Matthew Myers in a written statement.

“For this proposal to have maximum impact, the FDA should reduce nicotine levels in all combustible tobacco products and not just cigarettes, to prevent switching to other harmful products,” he said. “It is encouraging that the FDA recognizes this concern, noting in today’s regulatory notice that ‘if a standard were to apply to cigarettes only, it could be substantially less effective.’”

American Heart Association CEO Nancy Brown called the FDA action “a commendable move in the right direction.”

“We encourage the agency to not stop here but move forward quickly with a proposed rule on nicotine levels — not just for cigarettes, but for every combustible tobacco product on the market.”

 

 

12 COMMENTS

  1. OK, since when has the FDA (Fraud and Death Administration) concerned itself over the protection of public health, let alone, the health of future generations? Does one have to ask, what’s really going on? Every human being on Earth now contains at least 700 contaminants in their body including pesticides, phthalates, benzenes, parabens, xylenes and many other carcinogenic and endocrine disrupting chemicals.

    We are being bombarded on a daily basis by an astronomical level of toxicity, all controlled by chemical terrorists on behalf of the food industry and pharmaceuticals. Moreover, many of these toxins affect our fertility and those of successive generations. It’s obvious as to the reasons of “why” health and longevity in the U.S. has reversed course and is now in decline.

    No, I don’t trust this so-called Federal Agency, or for that matter, a hijacked Federal Government run by a sick, demented, and satanical secret society.

  2. Mrs. Duff… in 1992, I was researching the Tobacco industry as part of my MBA work and I came against the following results. I can not recall the exact specifics of my research but enough to make the point. Tobacco companies knew then that in poor Black neighborhood’s people bought one or two cigarettes at a time. They usually smoked 5 or less cigarettes a day. To keep people adicted they raised nicotine content from the regular 13% to over 30%. One of those cigarettes was called Uptown.

    • Khalid, Thanks for this “history lesson” and the important fact that the tobacco industry was using the increasing addiction to nicotine as a way to sell more of their product. It is a plausible selling tactic to increase sales, but a very unethical one. Carol

  3. Nicotine isn’t the only addictive substance in cigarettes.

    Back in the 80’s or possibly the 90’s, when I still smoked, I decided to switch to “organic cigarettes” — maybe they were called Dakotas. I was smoking the high nicotine ones and realised there must be something more addictive than Nicotine in cigarettes — I used to feel like ” God I need a cigerette ” when I was actually puffing away on a Dakota organic cigarette. It would be interesting to find out if there is something else in cigarettes that is also addictive.

  4. They will simply pull a “K2”.

    They will just change one little molecule in nicotine so it cannot be classified as such, add that in under the radar, and continue on.

    They might do the same with morphine while they are at it and throw THAT in the mix.

    Maybe they already have.

  5. Any suggestion of tampering with tobacco should be viewed with skepticism. The base of operations is pure organic, non processed plants. Indulgence of whatever sin is based on individual will balancing benefit and destruction. Wealth is more hostile to the soul than tobacco. Whenever European capitalism sees a thing, they exploit it, rather than wonder …all the while claiming piousness.

    • If you really must smoke, let me tell you about a Druid I met at a guest house next to Stonehenge. We were talking away at breakfast, or rather he was telling me how the Druid community have to sneak into Stonehenge at night to bury the ashes of their dead. I didn’t even know there were such things as Druids until then. At a break in the conversation, he excused himself to have a smoke, as smokers do.. He returned in less than a minute. I asked if he forgot that he was going for a smoke. He showed me a black mass of tobacco in a sandwich bag that he said he grew himself and smoked in a pipe — one hit was apparently more powerful than a whole Marlboro. He showed me the plant and the seeds — apparently you can buy tobacco seeds at any garden centre or from any seed catalogue. The plant grew luxuriantly in a planter outside his front door. It even looked quite attractive and could pass for an ornamental plant. Apparently its legal to grow but not to sell without paying some kind of tax. Anyone who smokes should probably grow it and not worry about whatever else they put in it, soak it in, sprinkle on it or spray it with. At the present cost of cigarettes it would save a lot of money and one quick puff of something you grew in the garden has to be less noxious than sucking on the combustion products of an unknown factory-made product.

    • Peter… your druid friend must have some lungs made out of steel to smoke a tobacco leaf without curing. As for David O., no one adds nicotine to tobacco. It is a substractive process through curing. It is about how much nicotine you keep not how much you add.

    • Yeah, maybe that’s why everyone isn’t doing it. He put a tiny amount in a pipe and took one puff — it was strong enough that that was all it took, apparently. He didn’t sit and puff away at it. It was a moist black mass that smelled very strongly of nicotine. I didn’t try it myself –I had quit by then.

    • David, Just as coffee companies will spray or coat additional caffeine on coffee beans. Carol

    • Peter Johnson, mapacho a South American variety has a very high nicotine content. Any smoker who “craves” nicotine most likely will inhale mapacho only once or twice. Mapacho itself can be chewed, sniffed, smoked, eaten, juiced and is used in eye drops and enemas besides claiming to have a mystical connection to the ancestors of the spiritual world. Though mapacho is not black.

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