Who Was Stepan Bandera?

Lionized as a nationalist hero in Ukraine, Stepan Bandera was a Nazi sympathizer who left behind a horrific legacy.


[Editor’s note: In order to understand the mess that is modern day Ukraine, you have to delve into it’s murky, violent, racist and murderous past. The leading figure of devotion among the Nazi thugs and killers that seized power in Maidan in 2014 and murdered anyone who tried to oppose them was Stepan Bandera, an arch criminal, far right extremist, mass murderer and Nazi collaborator. Understanding Bandera and his movement is the best way to understand the current situation in Ukraine, which I feel is going to become important in the near future as there seems to be a clear build up of military and paramilitary forces in preparation for a resumption of the genocidal and criminal attack on the people of the Donbas region; in short, expect Ukraine to reignite into conflict in the near future. Ian]

Who Was Stepan Bandera?

by Daniel Lazare

When Western journalists traveled to Kiev in late 2013 to cover the Euromaidan protests, they encountered a historical figure few recognized. It was Stepan Bandera, whose youthful black-and-white image was seemingly everywhere — on barricades, over the entrance to Kiev’s city hall, and on the placards held by demonstrators calling for the overthrow of then-president Viktor Yanukovych.

Bandera was evidently a nationalist of some sort and highly controversial, but why? The Russians said he was a fascist and an antisemite, but Western media were quick to disregard that as Moscow propaganda. So they hedged.

The Washington Post wrote that Bandera had entered into a “tactical relationship with Nazi Germany” and that his followers “were accused of committing atrocities against Poles and Jews,” while the New York Times wrote that he had been “vilified by Moscow as a pro-Nazi traitor,” a charge seen as unfair “in the eyes of many historians and certainly to western Ukrainians.” Foreign Policy dismissed Bandera as “Moscow’s favorite bogeyman . . . a metonym for all bad Ukrainian things.”

Poles being taken away during the Ukrainian Insurgent Army’s 1943–45 campaign of mass killings.

Whoever Bandera was, all were in agreement that he couldn’t have been as nasty as Putin said he was. But thanks to Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe’s Stepan Bandera: The Life and Afterlife of a Ukrainian Nationalist, it now seems clear: those terrible Russians were right.

Bandera was indeed as noxious as any personality thrown up by the hellish 1930s and ’40s. The son of a nationalist-minded Greek Catholic priest, Bandera was the sort of self-punishing fanatic who sticks pins under his fingernails to prepare himself for torture at the hands of his enemies. As a university student in Lviv, he is said to have moved on to burning himself with an oil lamp, slamming a door on his fingers, and whipping himself with a belt. “Admit, Stepan!” he would cry out. “No, I don’t admit!”

A priest who heard his confession described him as “an übermensch . . . who placed Ukraine above all,” while a follower said he was the sort of person who “could hypnotize a man. Everything that he said was interesting. You could not stop listening to him.”

Enlisting in the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) at age twenty, he used his growing influence to steer an already-violent group in an even more extreme direction. In 1933, he organized an attack on the Soviet consul in Lviv, which only managed to kill an office secretary. A year later, he directed the assassination of the Polish minister of the interior. He ordered the execution of a pair of alleged informers and was responsible for other deaths as well as the OUN took to robbing banks, post offices, police stations, and private households in search of funds.

What sent Bandera off in such a violent direction? Rossoliński-Liebe’s massive new study takes us through the times and the politics that captured Bandera’s imagination. Galicia had been part of Austro-Hungary prior to the war. But whereas the Polish-controlled western half was incorporated into the newly established Republic of Poland in 1918, the Ukrainian-dominated eastern portion, where Bandera was born in 1909, was not absorbed until 1921, following the Polish–Soviet War and a brief period of independence.

It was a poor fit from the start. Bitter at being deprived of a state of their own, Ukrainian nationalists refused to recognize the takeover and, in 1922, responded with a campaign of arson attacks on some 2,200 Polish-owned farms. The government in Warsaw replied with repression and cultural warfare. It brought in Polish farmers, many of them war veterans, to settle the district and radically change the demographics of the countryside. It closed down Ukrainian schools and even tried to ban the term “Ukrainian,” insisting that students employ the somewhat more vague “Ruthenian” instead.

When the OUN launched another arson and sabotage campaign in summer 1930, Warsaw resorted to mass arrest. By late 1938, as many as 30,000 Ukrainians were languishing in Polish jails. Soon, Polish politicians were talking about the “extermination” of the Ukrainians while a German journalist who traveled through eastern Galicia in early 1939 reported that local Ukrainians were calling for “Uncle Führer” to step in and impose a solution of his own on the Poles.

Bandera, fourth from the left, in 1928.

The conflict in the Polish-Ukrainian borderlands exemplified the ugly ethnic wars that were erupting throughout eastern Europe as a new world war approached. Conceivably, Bandera might have responded to the growing disorder by moving to the political left. Previously, liberal Bolshevik cultural policies in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, had caused a surge in pro-Communist sentiment in the neighboring Polish province of Volhynia.

But a number of factors got in the way: his father’s position in the church, the fact that Galicia, unlike formerly Russian Volhynia, was an ex-Habsburg possession and hence oriented toward Austria and Germany, and, of course, Stalin’s disastrous collectivization policies, which, by the early ’30s, had completely destroyed the Soviet Ukraine as any sort of model worth emulating.

Consequently, Bandera responded by moving ever farther to the right. In high school, he read Mykola Mikhnovs’kyi, a militant nationalist who had died in 1924 and preached a united Ukraine stretching “from the Carpathian Mountains to the Caucasus,” one that would be free of “Russians, Poles, Magyars, Romanians, and Jews.” Entry into the OUN a few years later exposed him to the teachings of Dmytro Dontsov, the group’s “spiritual father,” another ultra-rightist who translated Hitler’s Mein Kampf and Mussolini’s La Dottrina Del Fascismo and taught that ethics should be subordinate to the national struggle.

Entry into the OUN also plunged him into a milieu marked by growing antisemitism. Anti-Jewish hatred had been deeply bound up with the concept of Ukrainian nationhood since at least the seventeenth century when thousands of Ukrainian peasants, maddened by the exactions of the Polish landlords and their Jewish estate managers, engaged in a vicious bloodletting under the leadership of a minor nobleman named Bohdan Khmelnytsky.

Ukraine was the scene of even more gruesome pogroms during the Russian Civil War. But antisemitic passions rose a further notch in 1926 when a Jewish anarchist named Sholom Schwartzbard assassinated the exiled Ukrainian leader Symon Petliura in Paris.

“I have killed a great assassin,” declared Schwartzbard, who had lost fourteen family members in the pogroms that swept through the Ukraine when Petliura headed up a short-lived anti-Bolshevik republic in 1919–1920, on surrendering to the police. But after hearing testimony from survivors about impaled babies, children cast into flames, and other anti-Jewish atrocities, a French jury acquitted him in just thirty-five minutes.

The verdict caused a sensation, not least on the Ukrainian right. Dontsov denounced Schwartzbard as “an agent of Russian imperialism,” declaring:

Jews are guilty, terribly guilty, because they helped consolidate Russian rule in Ukraine, but “the Jew is not guilty of everything.” Russian imperialism is guilty of everything. Only when Russia falls in Ukraine will we be able to settle the Jewish question in our country in a way that suits the interest of the Ukrainian people.

While the Bolsheviks were the main enemy, Jews were their forward striking force, so the most effective way of countering one was by thoroughly eliminating the other. In 1935, OUN members smashed windows in Jewish houses and then, a year later, burned around a hundred Jewish families out of their homes in the town of Kostopil in what is now western Ukraine. They marked the tenth anniversary of Petliura’s assassination by distributing leaflets with the message: “Attention, kill and beat the Jews for our Ukrainian leader Symon Petliura, the Jews should be removed from Ukraine, long live the Ukrainian state.”

By this point, Bandera was already in jail serving a life sentence following a pair of highly publicized murder trials in which he taunted the court by giving the fascist salute and crying out, Slava Ukraïni – “Glory to Ukraine.” But he was able to escape following the German takeover of western Poland beginning on September 1, 1939 and make his way to Lviv, the capital of eastern Galicia.

Stepan Bandera

But the Soviet incursion on September 17 sent him fleeing in the opposite direction. Eventually, he and the rest of the OUN leadership settled in German-controlled Cracow, about two hundred miles to the west, where they set about preparing the organization for further battles still to come.

The Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, which the OUN leadership seems to have gotten wind of months ahead of time, was the moment they had been waiting for. Not only did it promise to free the Ukraine from Soviet control, but it also held out the prospect of unifying all Ukrainians in a single state. The dream of a greater Ukraine would thus be realized.

A month earlier, Bandera and his chief lieutenants — Stepan Lenkavs’kyi, Stepan Shukhevych, and Iaroslav Stets’ko — had put the finishing touches on an internal party document entitled “The Struggle and Activities of the OUN in Wartime,” a to-do list for when the Wehrmacht crossed the Soviet border.

It called on members to take advantage of the “favorable situation” posed by a “war between Moscow and other states” to create a national revolution that would draw up all Ukraine in its vortex. It conceived of revolution as a great purification process in which “Muscovites, Poles, and Jews” would be “destroyed . . . in particular those who protect the [Soviet] regime.” Although the OUN regarded the Nazis as allies, the document stressed that OUN activists should commence the revolution as soon as possible so as present the Wehrmacht with a fait accompli:

We treat the coming German army as the army of allies. We try before their coming to put life in order, on our own as it should be. We inform them that the Ukrainian authority is already established, it is under the control of the OUN under the leadership of Stepan Bandera; all matters are regulated by the OUN and the local authorities are ready to establish friendly relations with the army, in order to fight together against Moscow.

The document continued that “it is permissible to liquidate undesirable Poles . . . NKVD people, informers, provocateurs . . . all important Ukrainians who, in the critical time, would try to make ‘their politics’ and thereby threaten the decisive mind-set of the Ukrainian nation,” adding that only one party would be permitted under the new order — the OUN.

Although Bandera and his followers would later try to paint the alliance with the Third Reich as no more than “tactical,” an attempt to pit one totalitarian state against another, it was in fact deep-rooted and ideological. Bandera envisioned the Ukraine as a classic one-party state with himself in the role of führer, or providnyk, and expected that a new Ukraine would take its place under the Nazi umbrella, much as Jozef Tiso’s new fascist regime had in Slovakia or Ante Pavelić’s in Croatia.

Certain high-ranking Nazis thought along similar lines, most notably Alfred Rosenberg, the newly appointed Reich minister for the occupied eastern territories. But Hitler was obviously of a different mind. He saw Slavs as “an inferior race,” incapable of organizing a state, and viewed Ukrainians in particular as “just as lazy, disorganized, and nihilistic-Asiatic as the Greater Russians.”

Instead of a partner, he saw them as an obstacle. Obsessed with the British naval blockade of World War I, which had caused as many as 750,000 deaths from starvation and disease, he was determined to block any similar effort by the Allies by expropriating eastern grain supplies on an unprecedented scale. Hence the importance of the Ukraine, the great granary on the Black Sea. “I need the Ukraine in order that no one is able to starve us again like in the last war,” he declared in August 1939. Grain seizures on such a scale would mean condemning vast numbers to starvation, twenty-five million or more in all.

Yet not only did the Nazis not care, but annihilation on such a scale accorded perfectly with their plans for a racial makeover of what they viewed as the eastern frontier. The result was the famous Generalplan Ost, the great Nazi blueprint that called for killing or expelling up to 80 percent of the Slavic population and its replacement by Volksdeutsche, settlers from old Germany, and Waffen-SS veterans.

Plainly, there was no room in such a scheme for a self-governing Ukraine. When Stets’ko announced the formation of a Ukrainian state “under the leadership of Stepan Bandera” in Lviv just eight days after the Nazi invasion, a couple of German officers warned him that the question of Ukrainian independence was up to Hitler alone. Nazi officials gave Bandera the same message a few days later at a meeting in Cracow.

Subsequently, they escorted both Bandera and Stets’ko to Berlin and placed them under house arrest. When Hitler decided on July 19, 1941 to partition the Ukraine by incorporating eastern Galicia into the “General Government,” as Nazi-ruled Poland was known, OUN members were stunned.

Instead of unifying the Ukraine, the Nazis were dismembering it. When graffiti appeared declaring, “Away with foreign authority! Long live Stepan Bandera,” the Nazis responded by shooting a number of OUN members and, by December 1941, placing some 1,500 under arrest.

Still, as Rossoliński-Liebe shows, Bandera and his followers continued to long for an Axis victory. As strained as relations with the Nazis might be, there could be no talk of neutrality in the epic struggle between Moscow and Berlin.

In a letter to Alfred Rosenberg in August 1941, Bandera offered to meet German objections by reconsidering the question of Ukrainian independence. On December 9, he sent him another letter pleading for reconciliation: “German and Ukrainian interests in Eastern Europe are identical. For both sides, it is a vital necessity to consolidate (normalize) Ukraine in the best and fastest way and to include it in the European spiritual, economic, and political system.”

Ukrainian nationalism, he went on, had taken shape “in a spirit similar to the National Socialist ideas” and was needed to “spiritually cure the Ukrainian youth” who had been poisoned by their upbringing under the Soviets. Although the Germans were in no mood to listen, their attitude changed once their fortunes began to shift. Desperate for manpower following their defeat at Stalingrad, they agreed to the formation of a Ukrainian division in the Waffen-SS, known the Galizien, which would eventually grow to 14,000 members.

Rather than disbanding the OUN, the Nazis had meanwhile revamped it as a German-run police force. The OUN had played a leading role in the anti-Jewish pogroms that broke out in Lviv and dozens of other Ukrainian cities on the heels of the German invasion, and now they served the Nazis by patrolling the ghettoes and assisting in deportations, raids, and shootings.

Two soldiers of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army with captured Soviet and German weapons.

But beginning in early 1943, OUN members deserted the police en masse in order to form a militia of their own that would eventually call itself the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukraïns’ka Povstans’ka Armiia, or UPA). Taking advantage of the chaos behind German lines, their first major act was an ethnic cleansing campaign aimed at driving Poles out of eastern Galicia and Volhynia. “When it comes to the Polish question, this is not a military but a minority question,” a Polish underground source quoted a UPA leader as saying. “We will solve it as Hitler solved the Jewish question.”

Citing the Polish historian Grezegorz Motyka, Rossoliński-Liebe says that the UPA killed close to 100,000 Poles between 1943 and 1945 and that Orthodox priests blessed the axes, pitchforks, scythes, sickles, knives, and sticks that the peasants it mobilized used to finish them off.

Simultaneously, UPA attacks on Jews continued at such a ferocious level that Jews actually sought the protection of the Germans. “The Banderite bands and the local nationalists raided every night, decimating the Jews,” a survivor testified in 1948. “Jews sheltered in the camps where Germans were stationed, fearing an attack by Banderites. Some German soldiers were brought to protect the camps and thereby also the Jews.”

Rossoliński-Liebe carries the story of Bandera and his movement through the Nazi defeat when the Galizien division fought alongside the retreating Wehrmacht and then into the postwar period when those left behind in the Ukraine mounted a desperate rearguard resistance against the encroaching Soviets.

This war-after-the-war was a deadly serious affair in which OUN fighters killed not only informers, collaborators, and eastern Ukrainians transferred to Galicia and Volhynia to work as teachers or administrators, but their families as well. “Soon the Bolsheviks will conduct the grain levy,” they warned on one occasion. “Anyone among you who brings grain to the collection points will be killed like a dog, and your entire family butchered.”

Mutilated corpses appeared with signs proclaiming, “For collaboration with the NKVD.” According to a 1973 KGB report, more than 30,000 people fell victim to the OUN before the Soviets managed to wipe out resistance in 1950, including some 15,000 peasants and collective-farm workers and more than 8,000 soldiers, militia members, and security personnel.

Even given the barbarity of the times, the group’s actions stood out.

Stepan Bandera is an important book that combines biography and sociology as it lays out the story of an important radical nationalist and the organization he led. But what makes it so relevant, of course, is the OUN’s powerful resurgence since the 1991.

Although Western intelligence eagerly embraced Bandera and his supporters as the Cold War began to stir — “Ukrainian emigration in the territory of Germany, Austria, France, Italy, in the greatest majority is a healthy, uncompromising element in the fight against the Bolsheviks,” a US Army intelligence agent noted in 1947 — the movement’s long-term prospects did not seem to be very promising, especially after a Soviet agent managed to slip through Bandera’s security ring in Munich in 1959 and kill him with a blast from a cyanide spray gun.

With that, the Banderites seemed to be going the way of all other “captive nations,” far-right exiles who gathered from time to time to sing the old songs but who otherwise seemed to be relics from a bygone era.

What saved them, of course, was the Soviet collapse. OUN veterans hastened back at the first opportunity. Stets’ko had died in Munich in 1986, but his widow, Iaroslava, returned in his place, according to Rossoliński-Liebe, founding a far-right party called the Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists and winning a spot in parliament. Iurii Shukhevych, the son of the exiled UPA leader Roman Shukhevych, established another ultra-right group calling itself the Ukrainian National Assembly. Even Bandera’s grandson, Stephen, made an appearance, touring Ukraine as he unveiled monuments, attended rallies, and praised his grandfather as the “symbol of the Ukrainian nation.”

A homegrown group of Banderites meanwhile formed the Social-National Party of Ukraine, later known as Svoboda. In a 2004 speech, their leader, the charismatic Oleh Tiahnybok, paid tribute to the fighters of the UPA:

The enemy came and took their Ukraine. But they were not afraid; likewise we must not be afraid. They hung their machine guns on their necks and went into the woods. They fought against the Russians, Germans, Jews, and other scum who wanted to take away our Ukrainian state! And therefore our task — for every one of you, the young, the old, the gray-headed and the youthful — is to defend our native land!

Except for the omission of the Poles, the speech was an indication of how little things had changed. The movement was as xenophobic, antisemitic, and obsessed with violence as ever, except that now, for the first time in half a century, thousands of people were listening to what it had to say.

One might think that the liberal West would want nothing to do with such elements, but the response was no less unscrupulous than it was during the opening years of the Cold War. Because the banderivtsi were anti-Russian, they had to be democratic. Because they were democratic, their ultra-right trappings had to be inconsequential.

The Bandera portraits that were increasingly prominent as the Euromaidan protests turned more and more violent, the wolfsangel that was formerly a symbol of the SS but was now taken up by the Azov Battalion and other militias, the old OUN war cry of “Glory to Ukraine, glory to the heroes” that was now ubiquitous among anti-Yanukovych protesters — all had to be ignored, discounted, or whitewashed.

Citing unnamed “academic commentators,” the Guardian announced in March 2014 that Svoboda “appears to have mellowed” and was now “eschewing xenophobia.” US Ambassador Geoffrey Pyatt said that Svoboda members “have demonstrated their democratic bona fides,” while the historian Anne Applebaum announced in the New Republic that nationalism was a good thing and that what Ukrainians needed was more of it: “They need more occasions when they can shout, ‘Slava Ukraini – Heroyam Slava’ – ‘Glory to Ukraine, Glory to its Heroes,’ which was, yes, the slogan of the controversial Ukrainian Revolutionary Army [sic] in the 1940s, but has been adopted to a new context.”

Many, like Alina Polyakova at the Atlantic Council, voiced similar defenses: “The Russian government and its proxies in eastern Ukraine have consistently branded Kyiv’s government a fascist junta and accused it of having Nazi sympathizers. Moscow’s propaganda is outrageous and wrong.” Given Ukraine’s deepening economic woes, she continued, “should Ukraine watchers be concerned about the potential growth of extreme right-wing parties?” Her answer: “Absolutely not.”

That was on June 9. A few weeks later, Polyakova executed a 180-degree turn. “Ukraine’s government,” she declared on July 24, “has a problem on its hands: A far-right group has tapped into growing frustration among Ukrainians over the declining economy and tepid support from the West.”

As a result, Right Sector was now a “dangerous” force, “a thorn in Kyiv’s side,” one of a number of right-wing groups “taking advantage of public frustration to ratchet up support for their misguided agenda.” The international community would have to step up economic aid and political support, she warned, if it didn’t want Ukraine to fall into the hands of the radical right.

What had happened? On July 11, a bloody shootout had erupted in the western town of Mukacheve between heavily armed members of the neo-Nazi Right Sector and supporters of a local politician named Mykhailo Lanio.

The details are murky, and it is unclear whether the Right Sector was attempting to put a stop to highly lucrative cigarette smuggling in the border province of Zakarpattia or was trying to muscle in on the trade. One thing, however, was obvious: given the disarray in its own military, the Ukrainian government had grown increasingly dependent on private Banderite militias like Right Sector to battle pro-Russian separatists in the east and, as a consequence, was increasingly at the mercy of rampaging ultra-rightists whom it was unable to control.

Thanks to the military support that had flown their way, groups like the Right Sector and the neo-Nazi Azov Brigade were bigger than ever, battle-hardened and heavily armed, and fed up with rich politicians who made peace with the Russians and continued to rake in profits while the economy sank to new depths. Yet there was little the government in Kiev could do in response.

Polyakova’s nervousness was justified. Given Ukraine’s desperate economic straits — economic output is expected to fall 10 percent this year after dropping 7.5 percent in 2014, inflation is running at 57 percent due to the collapse of the hryvnia, while external debt now stands at 158 percent of GDP — there was a distinct whiff of Weimar in the air.

A few weeks later, on August 31, hundreds of Right Sector supporters battled with police in Kiev as the Ukrainian parliament voted in favor of the Minsk II accords aimed at defusing the crisis in the east. Three people were killed when a Right Sector supporter lobbed a grenade in the middle of the fracas and more than a hundred injured as the country hurtled toward civil war.

Although Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko labelled the attack “a stab in the back,” this was the same leader who in May signed a law making it a crime to “publicly exhibit a disrespectful attitude” toward the OUN or UPA. Once again, centrists who began by placating the fascists have wound up at their mercy.

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  1. Andrew, i believe you friend, what i’m saying it’s forget it the author and his hidden intentions and only pick up the pieces of credible and verifiable information of his works and build you own puzzle

  2. Ian, Mme. Blavatsky said to Countess Wachtmeister she was a meeting with your ‘master’ allegedly around in Hyde Park and that this was in the year of the first Nepal Embassy. That alleged master was prince Dhuleep Singh, Mahârâja of Lahore… I think what all that shit of Theosophical Society was related in some way with the British East India Company and you know who’s behind of that company…

  3. The teaching of Mrs. Blavatskaya is very strange and hard for comprehention. Nickolai Rerikh (i liked his Shambala paintings) was trying to submerge in it. Seems, only the brains with the same illness are able to perceive such teaching ). It’s my private opinion.

  4. You’re talking a lot of nonsense. The Khazars didn’t convert to Judaism until the late 9th century AD. Madame Blavatsky and the Vril School is a load of rubbish, utter nonsense, Hitler had no interest in such occult nonsense, it was Himmler and Hess who were interested in the occult.

  5. @ Hey, Ian Greenhalgh,
    Sie schreiben in dem Artikel die Wahrheit, so etwas kann ich hier in Deutschland nicht bei unseren Medien erfahren. Da wird nur gelogen dass sich die Balken biegen. Auch die Kommentare dazu, alle
    Achtung! Gruß

  6. Adrian, i respect different opinions, but, try to believe me (as a representative of RF, whose youth was in USSR, alittle). Using info vacuum, especially since 90s, so-called dissidents “vomited” hundreds of “truthfull histories” on ex-soviet readers to shock and substitute the basement Victory 1945. To lower our patriotism and to make us “Ivans, who forgot their ancestors”. To steal our honor.
    For the West it was a nice thing, by Bzhezinski plan. Unfortunately, many average westerners know only these renegades and traitors. Suvorov was one of them. Educated people in Russia know Suvorov, Solzhenitsin and other “wisemen”. But they are far, very far from respect.

  7. Ian, maybe his mission is to paint the Russians in as bad a light as possible, but even if his motives are questionable that does not discredit the later checked military information contained on his books

    • Some of his info is accurate, some isn’t, that’s how disinfo works – it has to contain some good stuff otherwise it’s too obvious a fraud and fools no-one.

  8. Alien reincarnation? Jeez, you need to see a psychiatrist if you believe such nonsense. Also, you seem to have been fooled by the Sephardic Jewish plot to shift the blame for their crimes onto the Khazars. It wasn’t the Khazar Ashkenazis Jews who ruined Germany, they didn’t run the African slave trade that killed hundreds of millions, they didn’t take over Britain in the 1690s, they didn’t manufacture WW1 and WW2, it was all the work of the Sephardics. The Rothschilds aren’t Khazars, they are Sephardic, the same is true of Jacob Schiff, the man behind much of the Jewish crimes of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Warburg brothers who played the key role in the foundation of the Federal Reserve, the Bolshevik coup in Russia, the rise to power of Hitler and other horrid acts were Sephardic, their name used to be Levy, they took on the name Warburg from the German town they fled to after being kicked out of Venice. Hitler worked hand in hand with the Sephardic Jews, he was financed by them and it was at their behest that he deported and murdered Ashkenazi Jews. So it is you who has got his facts wrong.

  9. Correction: In the begin of war in the east in 1941 germans troops captured soviet trains, I meant.

  10. Ian, maybe Suvorov isn’t completely reliable at 100% but his work have many true information elements like paratroopers amounts for example, they’re not defensive tool, they are always used as offensive teams, and Stalin he had at least 1 million of them and Suvorov bring number to 2 millions. Also Staling deployed more of 4000 amphibious tanks , another offensive weapon , many more that all kinds of tanks available by germans at the begins of 1941. Even germans dropped out their construction because they are useless for defensive use. In the begins of 1941 germans troops captured soviet trains carrying high detailed topographic maps of Europe countries. Why Stalin needs this maps if not for Europe invasion ???

    • I already explained one possible reason why – because Stalin feared a German invasion and intended to pre-empt it. Suvorov is a Russian-hating Ukrainian Jew and his other books such as Inside The Soviet Army make it very clear that his mission is to paint the Russians in as bad a light as possible.

  11. ” Ian Greenhalgh, Managing Editor July 9, 2018 at 11:27 pm

    Oh dear, yet another brainwashed Ukrainian”

    These people are intellectually lazy and living in denial. Their group think in the local neighborhood does not allow them to look outside of the box. It is safe this way, and in the case of someone in Western Ukraine I don’t blame them. If you step out too far they just might burn you on a cross in the middle of the night.

    For the lazy UkrainianAmerican. See if you can find Ukraine here,

    Lots of familiar names of nations but one is missing that is of interest for you.

    • That’s a very interesting map Henry, thanks for posting it. I can see Moscow, but Kiev isn’t marked on the map that I can see. There is a label ‘Ocraina’ southeast of Moscow, roughly where Voronezh and Kharkov are today, which might refer to the region’s name or might be the name of the people that lived there, but it’s certainly not referring to Ukraine as it’s midway between the Dneister and Don which is far to the East of modern day Ukraine.

  12. Andrew, yes , you might not like the character but his book it’s very well documented…

  13. “” while a follower said he was the sort of person who “could hypnotize a man. Everything that he said was interesting. You could not stop listening to him.”
    Because he was speaking to people who for generations were simple serfs and owned nothing. Education for these people was a rarity hence easy material for manipulation. I’m not suggesting that because one has a PhD one is somehow immune to manipulation. However the people of the East were easy prey for this sort of Banderite Philosophy. The rest was in the DNA from the Cossacks and the Mongols who’s mentality knew little compassion.

    • You are right to turn you nose up at Suvorov (not his real name) who is a Ukrainian Jew and a disinfo agent. Yes, the Red Army was massed at the frontiers and prepared to strike, but this was largely due to the knowledge that the Germans were likewise preparing to strike. Suvorov’s role is to discredit the notion that the Red Army was prepared to strike westward by producing poor quality writings on the matter, which worked for many years because the ex-Soviet archives had not been studied for proper evidence (Suvorov does not present any documentary evidence, it is all supposition an paper-thin premises) however, serious, respectable Russian academics have now studied the relevant archives and been able to establish a better (but still incomplete) picture of the truth, which is that yes, the Red Army was prepared for offensive operations, but it is still not clear just what Stalin intended to do, whether he really did intend to conquer Western Europe or just pre-emptively strike the German war machine. Anyways, the point to take from this is that Suvorov is not a credible source and it is necessary to turn to the work of proper researchers and academics instead in order to have even part of the story of the pre-Barbarossa situation.

  14. Andrew, you should read the books Icebreaker and The Chief Culprit: Stalin’s Grand Design to Start World War II by russian writer Viktor Suvurov and A Man of One Idea”, writed by Andrei Navrozov.
    Hitler he only anticipated to Stalin in his attack against Europe.

  15. I don’t know who’s more full of poop, Bibi or Putin. I think they blow each other actually. Bibi flies his Luftwaffe into Syria like he’s King of the Middle East and Putin let’s him do it. Bibi steals Palestinian land and Putin steals Ukrainian land. Then they want the World to cry about Bandera. Before you start talking about Bandera, talk about the 100,000,000 Christians exterminated by the Bolshevik Jews. Does Putin really think Russian soldiers want to die ON UKRAINIAN SOIL just so people in eastern Ukraine can continue speaking Russian instead of Ukrainian? Russians even stole the word Russian from Ukraine. Russians should be called Muscovites not Russians. Israhell holds the entire World hostage with their Samson Option. And Putin is so tough he has to rig elections, kill investigative reporters, and jail his opposition so he can “WIN” his election. What a tough guy!

    • Oh dear, yet another brainwashed Ukrainian who hasn’t got a clue about the real history of that country, a country that didn’t even exist until the German army created it in 1917 from the territory they occupied after the February 1917 revolution that overthrew the Tsar. This so-called Ukrainian language is another lie, a modern fabrication post-1991, before that there was no Ukrainian language, only Russian and what is today called Ukrainian is nothing more than Russian that has been modified to use German grammar. The people of what is today called Ukraine (apart from the two westernmost oblasts) have always spoken Russian, the Poltava dialect of Russian to be precise, because they are Russians. The modern nation of Ukraine is a completely false entity, the only part of it’s territory that should actually be called Ukraine is those two westernmost oblasts, the rest is entirely Russian – ethnically, culturally, linguistically, historically, in every way. It never ceases to amaze me just how ignorant and brainwashed modern Ukrainians are, no other nation is so utterly clueless about it’s own history.

    • Oh, good old Gennadiy, he trolled me on Facebook for a long time until I finally got sick of toying with the moron and blocked him. He’s not the only hopelessly brainwashed Ukrainian I’ve had trouble with online, they all have this twisted, ridiculous world view where Russia is the source of all evil and Ukraine is a hapless, innocent victim. They always deny there is a single Nazi in Ukraine and insist it is Russia that is riddled with Nazis. Pretty pathetic to be honest.

    • Even your generals know well – to break your defence and demoralize the hungry and poor army without crossing the border, it will take 30 minutes for Russia. I underline -without crossing your border. So, stop this Fox Molder stuff about Russian agression. We don’t even think about it. The Crimea escaped not from you, Nazi Ukies, the Penninsula escaped from the USA and returned to Mother Russia. Forget forever. The bridge is ready and operates. Not far from my city. Gonna visit the glorious Crimea by car )

    • I’d love to visit Crimea one day, especially to visit the Hero City of Sevastopol, to see the rich history, not just the WW2 sites but also the 1850s Crimean War sites too, to stand on the heights overlooking Severnaya Bay, visitthe battlefields of Inkerman and Balaclava and to visit the infamous Valley of Death where rode the Light Brigade. So much history in a small area.

    • Yes, Ian. It is a magnificent place. Rich culture and history, ancient cities, constant wars (so many European soldiers died there during last centuries…), beautiful nature, pink salt lake, the famous Hill Ai-Petri and many many more.
      Don’t forget: if you write here that you were in Crimea, our Ukie agents will put your surname data in the list of Mirotvorets site – site of the enemies of the Ukraine ) A couple of my friends are already there. But they are singers and musicians.

  16. Didn’t expect to see such strange comment. Alcoholics look alike, no matter what the race. Drunkard Vasya, sleeping under the fence is not worser than British Tony and Melany deadly drunk and sleeping near the pub, or our Finland friends, who overdrink vodka in Vyborg and have the same faces as Vasya and his British comrads.
    People are different, Aryan…

  17. That’s one of the most stupid and racist comments I’ve ever read, shame on you.

  18. Stalin created the man-made famine in Ukraine AKA: the Holodormor.

    Ah, innocent Ukraine, perhaps the last peasant-based stronghold in the region — who would harm them?

    The Bolsheviks . . . because they wanted that bread basket. They didn’t do much at that time, and now, the Ukraines have allowed the seed to grow . . . they hate what happened to them. I don’t blame them. It’s been 80-years, and the wounds are very fresh.

    It doesn’t help much with Russia’s “Stalin” idol worship, or the backing the U.S. gave him . . . can we say Yalta Conference boys and girls?

    They are STILL trying to take over the bread baskets of the world. Their slash and burn of farmland continues, but they have replaced “governments” with “corporations” . . . they are all hungry, hungry hippocrates.

    Garry Compton July 9, 2018 at 1:03 pm
    Trump doesn’t care about the mom and pop farms, he’s in bed with Monsanto, Cargil, John Deere, etc. and they are the Ukrainian grain market owners now. And those big guys have grain fields all over the World. Ukraine { Monsanto/Bayer/Carghil } – top 5 growers will now sell All of their grains at a great price. Think Global Markets and kick backs and you have the Pres. of the USAs – ideology


    And if any nation refuses to SUBMIT — well, let’s lick some more military boots AND postage stamps!

    • So-called Holodomor became Ukie’s private lament. They run around with it, like Jews with their holocost. And western reader starts to think that only poor Ukrainians suffered from starvation. People died of hunger everywhere, at many regions and races in USSR at that time. And to be clear to the end – holodomor was far from the main reason of their nationalizm and domestic faschism. The roots of it grew earlier.

    • Andrew, the so callled Holodomor was an invention by Goebbels disseminated and replicated later in western by media mogul William Hearst , it’s true there was a lot of famine deaths in Ukraine, also in Kazakhstan and south of Russia. but the main cause was acts of sabotage by bourgeois landowners and awful drought for 1930 to 1932 also as a typhus epidemic and soviet mistakes. There is too much lies in history….

    • No one reads my comments correctly “Ah, innocent Ukraine, perhaps the last peasant-based stronghold in the region — who would harm them?”

      I’ll bring out the crayons and write “Kulak” for those that didn’t pick up on the sentence. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kulak

      Rule #1 — they play both ends against the middle.

      What happened during that time is CLASSIC.

      You people pick a side, and stick to it. Good for you. But you fall to see how the game is played. You catch a glimpse and stick to the one end, or the other. Compared to what?

      The Ukraine got fvcked . . . by “soviet mistakes” . . . and THEIR OWN. “Ah, innocent Ukraine . . . ” last peasant-bases stronghold . . . everyone envious of the other – they have 6 acres, they have more. They are bourgeois landowners . . . blah, blah, blah.

      Everyone lived on their land for centuries, and then . . . all of a sudden there is this strife? That’s the MIDDLE. Then the opposing teams are formed . . . the us vs. them mentality.

      Tap, tap, tap . . .

      IS this thing on?

      People listened to the wrong “leaders” Why they want leaders is beyond me, but they are LEAD . . .
      “There is too much lies in history . . . ” AGREED 100%

      So, understand the TRUTH, which is Rule #1 . . . they play BOTH ENDS against the middle.

    • Divide and conquer . . . which is the by product of Rule #1

      BURP, BELCH . . . padon moi. That’s history repeating itself, since I am not going to SWALLOW that jizz anymore. You can. Be my guest. Why do you think I call people SCHMECKLE SUCKERS?!?!?!?

      Napoleon lost . . . but it didn’t matter, they were ALREADY hedging their bets — either way, win or lose, THEY end up smelling like a Rosenkrantz.

      Hitler lost . . . but it didn’t matter, they were ALREADY slicing and dicing the middle east. They were going to get it if Germany “won” — and they would send their good AskeNAZI labor force to Israhell as their reward for their work in the war effort. Of if Germany “lost” — they would send their good AskeNAZI labor force to Israhell as their guilt trip, PLUS bill Germany for it.

      History replete with people LOSING THE FARM. When that happens . . . they starve. And, the farm goes to whom? And they let it sit, and don’t plant crops, and then more and more people starve. This is PLANNED with intent and purpose. This is a man-made famine.

      Zionists want to do what Rome did, or the Turks did, or what Alexander did, or what most males want to do when they get them a taste of power and greed . . . take over peoples’ shlt and have an “Empire”.

      Good luck with that.

      Zero tolerance for bullies on the playground who roll a kid for their lunch money. And yet, when grown-ups do it in a collective swarm, with armies or corporations . . . it’s o’tay?!?

    • During the “mortgage meltdown” . . . there was PLENTY of dual-citizens that were BOTH in private sector jobs, and in U.S. government positions.

      Michael Chertoff . . . U.S. Sec. of Homeland “Security” AND was running a privately held investment management fund AKA a HEDGE FUND operation . . . which “hedged” their investors . . . AGAINST THE MELT DOWN!!

      How many We the Peoples lost their “farms” with that?!?

      The current Sec. of the Treasury, Steven MyNewChin . . . during the “mortgage meltdown” his firm foreclosed seniors’ homes that went under water with their “reverse mortgage.” The “reverse mortgage” also a CLASSIC Rule #1 set up. MyNewChin was so heartless, he turned out 20,000 seniors from their homes during that time, just in California along. The Freedumb seniors, who ironically voted for Humpty Trumpty, didn’t understand the reverse mortgages, and how they could lose their homes . . . which they did. And MyNewChin made BANK! And now . . . his name in on the U.S. currency!

      These “starvation” events are all man made, done with intent and purpose . . . to STEAL.

  19. i don’t get what’s so wrong with nationalism. and what i really don’t like is the double standard so rigidly in force: israel is the most nationalist state in the world. yet no one presently calls the big bully out over it. similarly, the double standard that all other UN members allow, israel can have nuclear weapons but not iran! play by the goddamned rules of the game, for xhrist’s sake. humans are born with the fairness sense. it’s part of their homing device to determine the “fight or flight” response. of course bullies don’t fight fair. that’s how they thrive and flourish. i’m all for playing games and every player agreeing to play by the rules of the game. which is why i hate The Tribe and their Ass Kissers.

    • Yes, HUMANS are born with the “fairness sense” — but when they go through their infancy on up — if you are drilled with the sense of entitlements, power, etc., etc. you lose that sense.

      Now, what they do, is they take our “fairness sense” corrupt it with the made up version of us vs. them (and “them” are always NOT them . . . but the people THEY hate) and they get U.S. to fight their them.

      The Babylonia/Talmudist/Khazarian/Bolshevik/Zonists, with a sprinkle of AskeNAZI and Likudists . . . and there is the present day witches heBREW which is throughout the psyche.

      You see it HIGHRPM . . . the “my shlt don’t stink” chosen have unleased havoc for thousands and thousands of years. They killed all their “prophets” . . . now they don’t have them, they use Talmudist Rabbis, much as we use Evangelical Hogges . .

      Rule #1 — THEY play both ends against the middle. They do it All. The. Time.
      Understand that, and then it all falls into place.

  20. Perfect timing Ian, maybe you should send President Putin a copy – in order to give Trump to skim over on his way back home. Gotta love it when a Jewish President has a Nazi Army – eh? Russia should warn the UN/ Nato again,, that if the Nazis invade the Russian sector or border in Ukraine – they will respond as if the German Army of WW II has just invaded . Crimea also, will automatically be considered to have been attacked if Donbass is, and proving it, would be unnecessary since the Skripol incident needed No evidence. Plus, maybe those sleeping Ukrainians east of Dneiper R. would awaken and join in to save at least NoviRosia. Maybe President Putin or Lavrov has stated this already – hopefully. Spacibo VT

    • We did have someone approaching Bandera, his name was George Lincoln Rockwell, who founded the American Nazi Party. He was assassinated in August of 1967 by a disaffected party member.

    • A better American corollary to Bandera would be some of the Union generals in the Civil War such as Sherman and Sheridan, the men who carried out the ethnic cleansing and scorched earth policies in places like the Shenandoah Valley and Georgia where they burned every farm, destroyed anything of value and laid waste to the entire region. Even worse were the men who lead the U.S. Army campaigns against the native Americans, they were every bit as murderous and cruel as Bandera’s men, they wiped out entire villages, massacred women and children, drove peoples from their lands into inhospitable deserts, the full gamut of war crimes.

  21. Very fascinating to read. I don’t suppose though, that the western media will ever print any of this.
    So why did the Obomber regime in Washington decide to throw in with these maniacs? What possible outcome did they expect when Victoria Nudelman was in Ukraine handing out cookies to these Nazis?
    I place as much blame for that mess on Obomber as anyone else.

    • As always the reason is the same as it was in Afghanistan with Soviet Union, with ISIS and the other 2-3 letter variants currently in the Middle East … “Use anyone willing to use force to destroy the current ORDER.” Ukraine had some order, now it has none. Syria had order, now it has none. ……

      Thus you should never again be surprised why the Western Powers support killers.

    • I care because I see the potential for Ukraine to become ground zero for a truly dangerous and destructive conflict that could easily mushroom into a European-wide war, perhaps even WW3. Such are the risks when you place into power a bunch of Zionist oligarchs backed by a coterie of violent, thuggish Nazis and extremist racists. It is truly a sad situation because 90% of Ukraine is actually Russian ethnically, historically, culturally and linguistically. Ukraine has no historic basis, it first existed in 1917, created as a German satrap, a way for the Germans to be able to feed their starving population on Ukrainian wheat and thus keep going in the awful conflict that became known as WW1. There was no Ukrainian language until 1991, it was simply the Poltava dialect of Russian, but since 1991, there have been significant efforts to modify it into a new language by adopting German grammar so that today, the Ukrainian language is Russian with German grammar. Of course, try to tell most Ukrainians this and they won’t listen, they immediately insist you must be a puppet of the Kremlin etc. The Ukrainians are by far the most brainwashed and misinformed nation on the planet, their history is a lie, their nationality is a modern construct, Ukraine is a Potemkin country, a facade. Even the name Ukraine is a clue to this falsehood as in old Russian Ukraine means ‘borderlands’, i.e. the border region of the Russian Empire. The only part of modern Ukraine that isn’t Russian are the two westernmost oblasts – Lvov and Volynia, formerly part of the Habsburg Empire which are populated by a mix of Poles, Rusyns, Ruthenians and Silesian Germans, it is from these people that most of the murderous thugs who carried out the Maidan coup were drawn, they are the ones that really hate Russians and they have imposed their hatreds onto the rest of Ukraine. It is the failure to comply with this deep hatred of Russians that is one of the major factors behind the current situation in Donbas.

    • This is sad, but true, Ian. Thank you for your job and care. Nuland’s cookies really made many Ukrainians mad. It was a lacmus paper: promise the help and cover the deeds- and a huge mass of extreme marginals from Ukr society appeared quickly and numerous, like mushrooms after the rain. The phenomenon of Ukrainian nazism (their motto, a copy of German – Ukraina above all) is dangerous. As i wrote before, almost during 10 years after 1945, the Soviet soldiers and Militia haunted the Bandera’s followers in forests. And it was “pop-corn Daddy” Nikita Khruschov, who was Ukrainian, who ordered to stop the operation against those bandits. And now we see their followers and their ideas in the streets of Ukraine.

    • Ian, I thought Americans were the most brainwashed and misinformed people on the planet.
      I guess the Ukies have them beat.

    • JohnZ, the main problem, is that after the collapse of USSR, the Ukrainian schools degraded. A hell knows what was put in their heads. And this “lost” generation is up to 30 yo now. They love money, refuse analitics, and it is better for them to hang around maidan and to listen to the stupid stories about Ukrainian exceptionalism. But those who are younger – they are really dumb and stupid…. And every imbecile bandera follower may put the seed of nazism into their empty heads.
      Did you know that they still have western preachers, mass gathering, sectants? It flourishes there…

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