To the Honorable Alice Wells
U.S. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for South and Central Asian Affairs
U.S. Department of State
RE: The U.S. Has Dropped More Than 6000 Bombs This Year on Afghan Villagers. Terrorizing the Afghan Villagers Are War Crimes.
Dear Principal Wells:
The United States’ bombardment and massacre of the Afghan/Pashtun villagers is causing the Afghan freedom fighters to increase its defense with more sophisticated and dangerous Weapons. Just today, in Kapisa Province, Tagab District, it appears that the Afghan freedom fighters used more sophisticated weapons on an U.S. Chinook helicopter, which was attacking that District, resulting in many casualties. History will repeat itself. It will put the United States in a position that the British faced in 1841 when out of 16,500 British soldiers only one Englishman, Dr. William Brydon, made it to India to tell what happened. Unfortunately, the war is spinning out of control. Good people need to stop this escalation of the war. With Trump’s escalation of the war and targeting of the Afghan/Pashtun villagers in Helmand and other Pastun areas to gain control over the REEs, I strongly believe that the winter and next year will bring more violence with new and more sophisticated weapons on all sides. I have been in war. I hate war. Trump has not been in war. Trump wants to obliterate the roadblock to the U.S’s exploitation of the Afghans’ REEs. Trump is killing the Afghan Pashtun villagers the “roadblock”. I believe a better way to have access to the Afghans’ REEs would be to rebuild the U.S. friendship with the majority Afghan/Pashtun villagers instead of bombarding and killing them. How has the United States’ friendship and partnership with the Northern Alliance warlords, communist war criminals like Dostum and the ethnic minorities worked out for the United States so far?
Based on its actions these past few weeks and since Trump took office, it appears that the United States government is not seeking peace as a way to end the war in Afghanistan. Instead it has escalated the attack on Afghan/Pashtun villagers. Actions speak louder than words. The U.S. is targeting, bombarding and massacring Afghan/Pashtun villagers. It appears that the United States’ government really does not want peace. The Trump Administration wants to “win” the war by massacring the Afghan/Pashtuns in their villages because the Pastun are defending their land and they are seen as a roadblock to the U.S. control and exploitation of the vast deposits of Rare Earth Elements in Pashtun areas (REEs worth trillions and vital to defense systems and technology). This escalation of war will only lead to more war which is unfortunate for all sides ,Afghans and Americans. In recent weeks, it has become known that the Afghan freedom fighters, have acquired more sophisticated weaponry maybe even weapons with nuclear components. As a U.S. citizen with the U.S. as my homeland and Afghanistan as my motherland, I am gravely concerned. Based on what has happened these past 17 years, I strongly believe the only way to end this war is the immediate withdrawal of U.S. and NATO forces.
On November 30, 2018 in the Garmsir District of Helmand Province, the U.S. bombarded and killed more than 23 Afghan/Pashtun civilians mostly women and children. Recent U.S. bombardments of Afghan/Pashtun villages in Nangarhar, Logar, Kaspisa, Maidan Wardak and Helmand Provinces have resulted in hundreds of civilian deaths. The Afghan /Pashtun areas of Afghanistan are being targeted and bombarded by the U.S. and NATO. During this past year the United States and NATO have dropped more than 6000 bombs on the Afghan/Pashtun villagers. These are war crimes. The Afghan/Pashtun villagers/civilians have been the victims of the Soviets in the 1980s and during these past 17 years the United States and NATO. The U.S. and NATO are targeting the largest indigenous tribe in the world, the Pashtun tribe. In Afghanistan, the Pashtun live in the areas rich in Rare Earth Elements worth trillions especially in Helmand. The Pashtun/Afghans are defending themselves and their land from foreign invaders and occupiers, which history has shown they do. Just like we Americans do they have a right to defend themselves and their land.
Unfortunately, based on the words of Secretary Mattis, the U.S. troops are not going to leave Afghanistan. U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said he is focused on finding an end to the war in Afghanistan, but that doesn’t involve withdrawing US military forces from the country soon, the Military Times reported. It appears that the Trump approach to ending the war is the escalation, targeting and elimination of Afghan/Pashtun villagers. The Trump administration is contemplating using even more mercenaries under Erik Prince’s (Blackwater Founder) plan to send even more of his mercenaries to Afghanistan, recruiting and paying former special operation forces to target and attack Afghan /Pashtun villagers. The use of Erik Prince’s mercenaries would be another violation of Afghanistan’s sovereignty. It definitely would escalate the war and war crimes.
Presently, the United States is bombarding the Afghan villages, innocent civilians, using uranium tipped weaponry, illegal bombs with radioactive materials and other new types of bombs and weaponry. With Russia and Iran still in Syria supporting the criminal dictator, Asad, the United States has lost and cannot defeat him. It cannot win there. The war mongering U.S. generals are moving the troops into Afghanistan and focusing their anger and revenge onto the Afghan villagers, because they along with Trump so desperately want to win. Everyday the United States, NATO, its mercenaries, and its selected Afghan administration puppet have shown that they cannot fight the Afghan villagers on the ground. When the U.S. forces lose the battle on the ground they bombard the Afghan villages. On one day in Kunduz Province, in Chardara District, the U.S. and its cohorts dropped 216 bombs on villagers destroying 46 villages. To justify the bombardment of the Afghan villages, the U.S. is spreading propaganda that there are new terrorists groups in Afghanistan without any proof. The only terrorists roaming the Afghan villages are mercenaries/thugs and warlords contracted by the U.S. and its selected Afghan administration.
I believe it is time for the Afghan villagers to take legal action and prosecute the American war profiteering generals and all of the government leaders and officials, who are responsible for these war crimes. Independent experts need to go on the ground in these Afghan villages to investigate and to document the weaponry that is being used by the U.S. and its cohorts.
As history has shown, Afghanistan is the graveyard of empires. I believe that may happen to the United States if Americans do not wake up. With President Trump, who appears to be the Russia’s selected puppet, the war will escalate. There is no winning for the U.S. which is exactly what Putin wants. The Trump Administration is not letting the American people know what really is happening in the war which is evidenced in the Pentagon’s refusal to release the Afghanistan’s war data, which has always been done in the past. As a democracy, the people have a right to know. In his State of the Union address, Trump did not talk too much about Afghanistan and Russia because he has everything to hide about these two issues. Our democracy is of the people, by the people and for the people. Trump thinks it is all about him I believe the special prosecutor’s investigation will show that Donald Trump is a national traitor that needs to be impeached for his collusion with the Russians and obstruction of the investigation.
During these past seventeen years, the UN Security Council, who is a puppet of the United States and other superpowers, observed as the United States and NATO has waged its illegal invasion of Afghanistan and war against the Afghan villagers. The UN concealed and did nothing about the war crimes committed by the United States and its puppets and mercenaries, and NATO against the Afghans. Now, the UN is watching as the Trump administration escalates its war crimes against the Afghan Pashtun villagers. It did nothing about the mother of all bombs being dropped on the Achin District or the current massacring of Afghan Pashtun villagers in the Helmand Province and other Pashtun areas. The United Nations has no business to speak on behalf of the Afghan villagers about peace when its inaction and actions show otherwise.
The UN Security Council is the voice of the United States, other superpowers and the war profiteers. Only after Trump learned from the Pentagon about Afghanistan’s rare earth elements (REEs) deposits worth trillions did he decide to stay in Afghanistan- a war the U.S. has lost. Now, while the U.S. under the Trump Administration and NATO escalate the war against and the massacring of Afghan/Pashtun villagers in Helmand and other mainly Pashtun areas where the super majority of the Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are located, the UN holds a meeting on January 19, 2018 to talk about the future of Afghanistan and peace. The UN, the superpowers, Afghanistan’s greedy Central Asian neighbors and the Afghan puppets and other war profiteers talk about peace and security, because they want a piece of the REE pie. They all want to exploit the Afghan/Pashtun villagers’ REEs and other mineral wealth. The only roadblock to this successful exploitation is the Afghan Pashtun villagers in the Helmand Province, where almost all of the vast untapped REEs worth trillions are located. They are fighting to defend their homeland, their families and their mineral wealth from being exploited by superpowers, greedy neighbors, other war profiteers and northern alliance warlords. The Afghan Pashtun villagers are the native, indigenous people of Afghanistan. It is their is their land especially the REE rich Helmand Province. Its all about control over and exploitation of these REEs. To do so, its all about the U.S., NATO and its puppets eliminating the road block by massacring and relocating the Afghan. Pashtun villagers. The UN needs to stop blaming the Afghan Pashtun villagers. They are the victims. That is not “fake” news..
The situation is not getting better in Afghanistan. The Trump administration has escalated the war and is targeting the Afghan Pashtun villagers for their REEs.. It is more violent and less secure. The U.S. has lost the war in Afghanistan. U.S. soldiers and diplomats have to fly in helicopters for very short distances from the U.S. compounds to places like the airport. These soldiers and diplomats and the U.S. -selected Afghan Administration hide behind 20- foot concrete walls that surround their compounds, palaces, and government buildings. There is no winning. The U.S. war policy only perpetuates more violence. I believe a true peace strategy is the key, but that cannot occur until the U.S. stops waging war in Afghanistan and the U.S. sits down with the Afghan Pashtun villagers, the freedom fighters, to negotiate true peace, which must include the issue of exploitation of REEs and how the Afghan villagers will receive a piece of the REE “pie”.
During these past seventeen (17) years the U.S. with its war strategy, has terrorized Afghan women and children in the villages. Everyday Afghan women and children, especially the Pashtun, are raped, kidnapped, tortured, bombed, their houses demolished, their Rare Earth Elements and other natural resources exploited, imprisoned for political views, forced into prostitution, and killed. In many spots in Afghanistan, the U.S. especially its CIA, holds Afghan women in secret detention centers. The United States has and is committing war crimes against the Afghan villagers. The majority ethnic group, the Pashtun, who are the natives, who live in areas rich with Rare Earth Elements, are being ethnically cleansed and genocide is occurring.
Everyday Afghans are the victims of war crimes committed by the United States, its Afghan puppets and hired mercenaries. After the tragic events of 9/11 the United States, and NATO invaded and occupied Afghanistan. Starting with the infamous war crimes committed in fall of 2001. The United Nations asked the Afghan soldiers Taliban to surrender to the U.N. The Afghans did. In November 2001, at Dasht-e-Leili and Qala-i-Jangithe, the United States, NATO and Dostum CIA thugs cowardly massacred thousands of Taliban prisoners of war. The United States and the United Nations watched and covered up these war crimes. See the attached video. The bombing of the Doctors without Borders hospital in Kunduz was a war crime. Before the bombing, Dr. Ehsan Osmani, who was a staff member at that hospital, reported on his Facebook page on October 2, 2015, that the Afghan resistance did not harm anyone inside the hospital but the U.S. and NATO bombing was causing all of the civilian casualties and deaths. He was killed a few days later when the U.S. bombed the hospital. During the past 17 years, war crimes have been documented by Afghans and human rights group. However, there has been no prosecutions and no justice for the Afghan villagers.
Why has Trump escalated the war against the Afghan Pashtun villagers? Its all about the exploitation of REEs. Its really not about terrorism. I believe the new U.S. Trump strategy in Afghanistan is genocide- the intentional killing of the Afghan/Pashtun villagers, who are the only roadblock to the Trump administration’s exploitation of the Rare Earth Elements (REEs), is wrong and unlawful.
At one of his recent media events in 2017, Trump himself boldly stated that he wanted the United States to “exploit” the REEs. Before the Pentagon kept the existence of the vast deposits of REES in Afghanistan under the radar. As the past year has shown, Trump cannot help himself. When he was briefed about the REEs worth trillions, his inability to keep quiet and his greed took over. He had to state that he wanted to exploit them in the media. His friends, Michael N. Silver of American Elements, a company that specializes in mining REEs and his adviser, billionaire friend, Stephen A. Feinberg of Dyncorp will benefit from this exploitation. Probably Trump and his family will too.
The vast untapped deposits of REEs are located on the Afghan/Pashtun villagers’ land mostly in Helmand Province and other Pashtun areas throughout Afghanistan. The Afghan/Pashtun villagers are fighting to defend their land that is being taken from them for control over the REEs. It is really not about terrorism. It is really about exploiting the Afghan’s REEs! I believe the Afghan Villagers are not terrorizing the United States, but the United States is terrorizing the Afghan villagers. The United States has lost the war but it continues to massacre the Afghan villagers, mainly Pashtun, in their villages in Helmand Province where the vast untapped deposits are located. The Afghan Pashtun villagers are the only resistance and road block to the United States and other war profiteers’ exploitation and theft of the Afghan Pashtun villagers’. Rare Earth Elements.
Trump sees the escalation of the war, which targets the villagers in Helmand, as the only way for the United States to control and exploit the Earth Elements (REEs) such as lithium, worth trillions, which are vital to defense systems and technology. It allows the United States to build its strategic stockpile of REEs. In a Pentagon internal memorandum, the Pentagon called Afghanistan “the Saudi Arabia of Lithium”. REEs such as Scandium, Yttrium and fifteen lanthanides are key ingredients in a number of military applications such as guided missiles, lasers, radar systems, night field equipment, battlefield communications, guidance and control systems for Tomahawk Cruise missiles, smart bombs, predator unmanned aircraft etc.
The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) is establishing a strategic stockpile of these REEs as it has an insufficient supply to meet its demand. China has mined REEs in its country and has dominance as the main supplier of REEs that are of strategic importance to the U.S. military. China controls 90% of the world’s supply. According to petroleumnews.com (03/31/2013), U.S. Senators Mark Begich and Lisa Murkowski, and Representative Mike Coffman, stated that “’clearly rare earth supply limitations present a serious vulnerability to our national security…” The U.S. DOD provided Congress with a written report on its REE demand and stockpile requirements. The United States was looking for a new supply chain for REEs. Based on information I have received, I strongly believe the United States knew about the REEs deposits in the Helmand Province even before the tragic events of 9/11 and before it chose to invade and occupy Afghanistan long term. Soon after its invasion in October, 2001, the United States dropped down geologists into the REE deposits in Helmand with special operation forces.
The U.S. has used special aircraft with special technology to look at the subsurface geological strata to map out the location of REE deposits in Afghanistan. The DOD has a special division to address REEs. Afghan villages located near the vast REE deposits are bombed and destroyed. The Pashtun villagers are forced to relocate or are killed. They are wrongly labeled “terrorists” because they resist the destruction of their homes and villages and the stealing of their minerals .I believe the U.S. and its Afghan puppet government are committing war crimes. They are terrorizing the Afghans in these areas. In September, 2012, when I met with Amb. Hugo Llorens, second in charge of the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, he talked about the REE deposits. He thought because of my engineering background I would be interested in obtaining a contract to be involved in the REE mining. I am not a war profiteer. I would not profit from war and the blood of my Afghan brothers.
It is all about Afghanistan being the United States’ new supply chain for REEs! It is not about nation building. It is not about terrorism! It is not about helping the Afghan people! A former State Department employee, who worked on the ground in Afghanistan, told me in an e-mail that the U.S. government does not care about Afghans. Of course, REEs are never discussed at the hearings of the armed services committees or the recent UN meeting. Why has the U.S. been so secretive about the REEs in Afghanistan? It is much easier for the U.S. strategically to steal and stockpile the REEs. I strongly believe when it kills the Afghan Pashtun villagers to achieve this goal the U.S. has to make it look like the killing of the villagers was to stop terrorism.
The U.S. war in Afghanistan to exploit REEs is illegal. The United States’ invasion and occupation of Afghanistan violates the UN Charter and international law. First, the United Nations’ Charter is a treaty which was ratified by the United States. As a ratified treaty it became part of US law. Therefore the US must comply with the UN Charter. Article 2 (4) of the Charter, bans the use of armed force against another country except under two circumstances. It reads, “All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations.” This article has also become part of the international customary law.
Under the UN Charter, there are two exceptions to the ban on the use of armed force. First, a country can use armed force against another country in self-defense as provided for in Article 51. Second, a country can use armed force when the UN Security Council approves such force to maintain or restore international peace and security. Neither of those exceptions were met before the United States invaded Afghanistan and began waging war.
The United States’ war in Afghanistan is beyond the scope of self-defense allowed by Article 51. Self-defense can only legally take place when an armed attack takes place against a state. The Afghan government in 2001, the Taliban, did not attack the United States on 9/11. Nineteen individuals, 15 from Saudi Arabia, attacked the United States. The State of Afghanistan did not attack the United States. A non-state actor, Al Qaeda allegedly did. That is a fact. No evidence has ever been produced by the United States to the contrary. Propaganda, speculation and expert opinions in the media do not constitute credible and relevant evidence.
The use of armed force against Afghanistan ( and not simply against alleged al Qaeda targets in Afghanistan) could not and cannot be justified by the right of self defense against an armed attack, because the armed attack could not and cannot be attributed to Afghanistan. In 2001, the State of Afghanistan, governed by the Taliban, had no overall control over Osama Bin Laden or his followers, “Al Qaeda”. The U.S. could not and cannot attribute the armed attack of September 11, 2001 to the State of Afghanistan by simply alleging that the Taliban harbored Al Qaeda or was a mere safe haven.
The creation of Al Qaeda can be attributed to the U.S. In the 1980s, when the brave Afghans were fighting against the Soviet Union and the puppet Afghan communist government, the United States trained Osama Bin Laden and other Arabs in Texas. Then the United States brought these Arabs to Afghanistan and trained them along with others in CIA training camps in Paktia Province, Afghanistan. I have first hand knowledge because I was fighting in Afghanistan at that time against the Soviet invaders. I saw these CIA camps and Arabs, which the Afghans did not want or need in Afghanistan. The United States had overall control over these CIA training camps for these Arabs, who eventually attacked the United States on September 11, 2001. The armed attack can be attributed to and imputed to the United States’ action of training Osama Bin Laden and his followers in CIA training camps. Instead, the United States decided to scapegoat the State of Afghanistan, and invade, occupy and wage a war against it for these past 17 years.
Furthermore, there was no imminent threat that Afghanistan would attack the US or another UN member country. Self- defense can only be used to repel an attack. Immediately after the tragic events of 9/11, the attacks stopped. There was no imminent threat to attack the US by the Afghan government before or after 9/11.
In addition, the UN Charter and well established international customary law, provide that self-defense would warrant only measures, which are proportionate to the armed attack and necessary to respond to it. It must not entail retaliatory or punitive actions. The US war tactics in Afghanistan are retaliatory, punitive and illegal. In and of itself, the use of cluster bombs, drones, uranium tipped weapons is a disproportionate use of force and unnecessary force. The US’s illegal use of self-defense is collectively punishing an entire nation. It is in violation of the UN Charter and international law. The right to Self-Defense set forth under Article 51 cannot be legally used against Afghanistan because the Afghan government allegedly refused to extradite Bin Laden. Extradition matters are resolved through peaceful measures in courts and not through the use of armed force with massive cluster bombs, drones, uranium tipped weapons etc, which have killed thousands of innocent Afghans during the past ten years. This illegal war and continual killing of innocent Afghans violates the UN Charter and international law. It is not legal self-defense under the UN Charter, international law or any law. The recent use of the “Mother of all bombs” in the Achin District of Afghanistan was a war crime committed by the United States under the Trump Administration. It was a disproportionate use of force. Civilians were targeted and killed even though the United States and its puppet Afghan administration and the UN covered up the war crime.
With Trump’s escalation of the war and targeting of the AfghanPashtun villagers in Helmand and other Pastun areas to gain control over the REEs, I strongly believe that the winter and next year will bring more violence with new and more sophisticated weapons on all sides. I have been in war. I hate war. Trump has not been in war. Trump wants to obliterate the roadblock to the U.S’s exploitation of the Afghans’ REEs. Trump is killing the Afghan Pashtun villagers-the “roadblock”. I believe a better way to have access to the Afghans’ REEs would be to rebuild the U.S. friendship with the majority Afghan/Pashtun villagers instead of bombarding and killing them. How has the United States’ friendship and partnership with the Northern Alliance warlords, communist war criminals like Dostum and the ethnic minorities worked out for the United States so far?
Kadir A. Mohmand
Former Representative of the Afghan Mujaheddin for North America during the 1980s