Discovery: New Species of Human

Researchers found the 13 Homo luzonensis bones and teeth in Callao Cave in the Philippines. Credit: Copyright Callao Cave Archaeology Project

Unknown Species of Tiny Ancient Human Discovered in Philippine Cave

by George Dvorsky/Gizmodo

Video: New Human Species

Scientists are reporting the discovery of a previously unknown species of ancient human that lived in the Philippines over 50,000 years ago. Evidence suggests the new species, named Homo luzonensis, was exceptionally tiny—and possibly even smaller than the famous Hobbit species uncovered on the island of Flores in 2004.

The story of human evolution just got a hell of a lot messier—and considerably more fascinating—owing to the discovery of a previously unknown human species. Bits of teeth and bone pulled from Callao Cave on the Philippine island of Luzon point to the existence of a distinctly human species, one deserving of the Homo designation in terms of its genus. At the same time, however, the fossils found in Callao Cave exhibit features unlike anything ever seen before, thus warranting the declaration of a completely new human species, Homo luzonensis. The details of this astonishing discovery were published today in Nature.

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Some of the right upper teeth from one Homo luzonensis individual. From left to right: two premolars and three molars.
Credit: Copyright Callao Cave Archaeology Project



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  1. O.K. living on an island and so far being the only wee people there now comes the long train of other data to find and piece together . did they eventually develop into the modern inhabitants of today or were they replaced later in evolution by ? I am always intrigued by such things .

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