Why Have Thousands of Puffins and Other Seabirds Died En Masse in the Bering Sea?
by Brigit Katz Smithsonian.com
Seabirds are an important indicator of marine ecosystem health—and in 2016, signs began to emerge that something was very, very wrong in the eastern Bering Sea. Around 350 dead seabirds, most of them tufted puffins, washed onto Alaska’s St. Paul Island, shocking residents and experts.
“[Y]ou couldn’t walk more than a few steps before having to pick up another bird,” Lauren Divine, director of the Aleut Community of St. Paul Island Ecosystem Conservation Office, tells the Atlantic’s Ed Yong.
And the number of dead birds on St. Paul may represent just a fraction of the total birds that lost their lives between 2016 and 2017. In a new study published in PLOS One, a team of researchers used the locations of the bodies and weather data to estimate that between 3,150 and 8,800 seabirds in the eastern Bering Sea perished—a mass die-off that, according to the study authors, is at least partly attributable to climate change.
Carol graduated from Riverside White Cross School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio and received her diploma as a registered nurse. She attended Bowling Green State University where she received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Literature. She attended the University of Toledo, College of Nursing, and received a Master’s of Nursing Science Degree as an Educator.
She has traveled extensively, is a photographer, and writes on medical issues. Carol has three children RJ, Katherine, and Stephen – one daughter-in-law; Katie – two granddaughters; Isabella Marianna and Zoe Olivia – and one grandson, Alexander Paul. She also shares her life with her husband Gordon Duff, many cats, and two rescues.