Attribution Theory: The Psychology of Interpreting Behavior
by Elizabeth Hopper/ThoughtCo.
In psychology, attribution is a judgment we make about the cause of another person’s behavior. Attribution theory explains these attribution processes, which we use to understand why an event or behavior occurred.
- Attribution theories attempt to explain how human beings evaluate and determine the cause of other people’s behavior.
- Well-known attribution theories include the correspondent inference theory, Kelley’s covariation model, and Weiner’s three-dimensional model.
- Attribution theories typically focus on the process of determining whether a behavior is situationally-caused (caused by external factors) or dispositionally-caused (caused by internal characteristics).