SitRep: Coronavirus (COVID-19)


Health Editor’s Note: Take some time and read this….Carol

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Resources from NIH

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Summary

This is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation and CDC will provide updated information as it becomes available, in addition to updated guidance.

Updated February 25, 2020


CDC is responding to an outbreak of respiratory disease caused by a novel (new) coronavirus that was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China and which has now been detected in 37 locations internationally, including cases in the United States. The virus has been named “SARS-CoV-2” and the disease it causes has been named “coronavirus disease 2019” (abbreviated “COVID-19”).

On January 30, 2020, the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee of the World Health Organization declared the outbreak a “public health emergency of international concernexternal icon” (PHEIC). On January 31, 2020, Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II declared a public health emergency (PHE) for the United States to aid the nation’s healthcare community in responding to COVID-19.

Source and Spread of the Virus

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people and then spread between people such as with MERS-CoV , SARS-CoV , and now with this new virus (named SARS-CoV-2).

The SARS-CoV-2 virus is a betacoronavirus, like MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV.  All three of these viruses have their origins in bats. The sequences from U.S. patients are similar to the one that China initially posted, suggesting a likely single, recent emergence of this virus from an animal reservoir.

Early on, many of the patients in the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China had some link to a large seafood and live animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. Later, a growing number of patients reportedly did not have exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread. Person-to-person spread has been reported outside China, including in the United States  and other locations . Chinese officials report that sustained person-to-person spread in the community is occurring in China. In addition, other destinations have apparent community spread, meaning some people have been infected who are not sure how or where they became infected. Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses.

Situation in U.S.

Imported cases of COVID-19 in travelers have been detected in the U.S.  Person-to-person spread of COVID-19 also has been seen among close contacts of returned travelers from Wuhan, but at this time, this virus is NOT currently spreading in the community in the United States.

Illness Severity

Both MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV have been known to cause severe illness in people. The complete clinical picture with regard to COVID-19 is not fully understood. Reported illnesses have ranged from mild to severe, including illness resulting in death. Learn more about the symptoms associated with COVID-19.

There are ongoing investigations to learn more. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated as it becomes available.

Risk Assessment

Outbreaks of novel virus infections among people are always of public health concern. The risk from these outbreaks depends on characteristics of the virus, including how well it spreads between people, the severity of resulting illness, and the medical or other measures available to control the impact of the virus (for example, vaccine or treatment medications). The fact that this disease has caused illness, including illness resulting in death, and sustained person-to-person spread is concerning. These factors meet two of the criteria of a pandemic. As community spread is detected in more and more countries, the world moves closer toward meeting the third criteria, worldwide spread of the new virus.

The potential public health threat posed by COVID-19 is high, both globally and to the United States.

But individual risk is dependent on exposure.

  • For the general American public, who are unlikely to be exposed to this virus at this time, the immediate health risk from COVID-19 is considered low.
  • Under current circumstances, certain people will have an increased risk of infection, for example healthcare workers caring for patients with COVID-19 and other close contacts of persons with COVID-19. CDC has developed guidance to help in the risk assessment and management  of people with potential exposures to COVID-19.

However, it’s important to note that current global circumstances suggest it is likely that this virus will cause a pandemic.  In that case, the risk assessment would be different.

What May Happen

More cases are likely to be identified in the coming days, including more cases in the United States. It’s also likely that person-to-person spread will continue to occur, including in the United States. Widespread transmission of COVID-19 in the United States would translate into large numbers of people needing medical care at the same time. Schools, childcare centers, workplaces, and other places for mass gatherings may experience more absenteeism. Public health and healthcare systems may become overloaded, with elevated rates of hospitalizations and deaths. Other critical infrastructure, such as law enforcement, emergency medical services, and transportation industry may also be affected. Health care providers and hospitals may be overwhelmed. At this time, there is no vaccine to protect against COVID-19 and no medications approved to treat it. Nonpharmaceutical interventions  would be the most important response strategy.

CDC Response

Global efforts at this time are focused concurrently on containing spread of this virus and mitigating the impact of this virus. The federal government is working closely with state, local, tribal, and territorial partners, as well as public health partners, to respond to this public health threat. The public health response is multi-layered, with the goal of detecting and minimizing introductions of this virus in the United States so as to reduce the spread and the impact of this virus. CDC is operationalizing all of its pandemic preparedness and response plans, working on multiple fronts to meet these goals, including specific measures to prepare communities  to respond local transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19. There is an abundance of pandemic guidance  developed in anticipation of an influenza pandemic that is being repurposed and adapted for a COVID-19 pandemic.

Highlights of CDC’s Response

Carol graduated from Riverside White Cross School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio and received her diploma as a registered nurse. She attended Bowling Green State University where she received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Literature. She attended the University of Toledo, College of Nursing, and received a Master’s of Nursing Science Degree as an Educator.

She has traveled extensively, is a photographer, and writes on medical issues. Carol has three children RJ, Katherine, and Stephen – two daughters-in-law; Suzy and Katie – two granddaughters; Isabella Marianna and Zoe Olivia – and one grandson, Alexander Paul. She also shares her life with husband Gordon Duff, many cats, and two rescue pups.

Carol’s Archives 2009-2013
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  1. Oh calm down, you sound like a raving lunatic. Covid-19 is unlikely to kill more people than the flu does in any given winter. It’s just not very dangerous, most infectees recover and never have symptoms any worse than a bout of the flu.

    • Zerohedge is a notorious disinfo outlet, nothing they publish can be trusted.

      Some facts that very strongly suggest this virus is not a bioweapon and is not even particularly dangerous:

      According to the largest study of Coronavirus (Covid-19) cases from China, there are few detected infections among children aged 9 and younger – about 1% of the total cases.

      None of them died.

      Among children and teens aged 9 to 19 coronavirus cases were rare – 1.2% of the entire study group.

      There was a single death in that age group.

      20% of the people 80 and older who contracted the disease died.

      At the center of the outbreak in Hubei province in China, the reported mortality rate is estimated at 2 percent.

      In South Korea, 11 patients have died out of 977 cases, for a reported mortality rate of about 1 percent.

      So all in all, coronavirus is approximately 5 TIMES LESS DEADLY than the common flu.

      Some bioweapon….

  2. Mapping of the human genome was completed in April 2003. Genome for the 1918 pandemic H1N1 virus was published in Oct 2005. Bioweapon developers have lusted for a genetic specific disease vector, and there are 53 known BSL-4 labs working on “Gain-of-Function” viral weapons. It is improbable that they have not developed these weapons, or that some errors or sabotage could cause a release.


    Objective citizens should plan for 30 days of shelter in place, review
    “Corona Goes from Bad to Worse” by Chris Martenson at Peak Prosperity

    • There was no virus responsible for the 1918 Spanish Flu. The truth is that it was a manmade disease accidentally brought about by giving the soldiers in the US training camps a load of different vaccines at the same time. The symptoms were nothing like flu, it was a kind of hemorrhagic fever. Nothing about the Covic-19 outbreak is similar in any way, Covid has a 2% mortality rate and in most patients the symptoms are no more severe than the flu.

  3. First confirmed case in Ireland.A female returned from Italy through Dublin airport was screened and passed . Travel 100 miles to Belfast . Started to feel ill 36 hrs later has been tested and confirmed as corn v19 . Now in isolation ward but the potential community spread envoles a large number of people likely to have had contact and with the person who will be spread out through out Ireland.