Understanding Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder
by Alane Kim/ThoughtCo
The term “passive-aggressive” is used to describe behavior that expresses defiance or hostility indirectly, rather than openly. These behaviors can include deliberately “forgetting” or procrastinating, complaining about a lack of appreciation, and a sullen demeanor.
- The term “passive-aggressive” refers to behavior that expresses defiance or hostility indirectly, rather than openly.
- The term “passive-aggressive” was first officially documented in a 1945 U.S. War Department bulletin.
- Passive-aggressive personality disorder is no longer classified as a diagnosable disorder, but is still considered relevant in the field of psychology.
Origins and History
The first official documentation of passive-aggressive personality disorder was in a technical bulletin issued in 1945 by the U.S. War Department. In the bulletin, Colonel William Menninger described soldiers who refused to comply with orders. Instead of outwardly expressing their defiance, however, the soldiers behaved in a passively aggressive manner. For instance, according to the bulletin, they would pout, procrastinate, or otherwise behave stubbornly or inefficiently.