Ancient Artisans in Arabia, the Americas Invented Same Technology Independently
by Alex Fox/Smithsonianmag.com
Archaeologists once thought that 12,000-year-old stone spear tips and arrowheads with fluting were a uniquely American invention. https://t.co/NglwOQPAFL
— Smithsonian Magazine (@SmithsonianMag) August 7, 2020
Archaeologists once thought that 12,000-year-old stone spear tips and arrowheads with fluting—a central channel of chipped-away material used to bind them to a shaft—were a uniquely American invention. But around the turn of the new millennium, researchers discovered 8,000-year-old fluted stone tools at several sites on the Arabian Peninsula.
“Given their age and the fact that the fluted points from America and Arabia are separated by thousands of kilometers, there is no possible cultural connection between them,” says co-author Michael Petraglia, an anthropologist at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, in a statement. “This is then a clear and excellent example of cultural convergence or independent invention in human history.”
Carol graduated from Riverside White Cross School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio and received her diploma as a registered nurse. She attended Bowling Green State University where she received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Literature. She attended the University of Toledo, College of Nursing, and received a Master’s of Nursing Science Degree as an Educator.
She has traveled extensively, is a photographer, and writes on medical issues. Carol has three children RJ, Katherine, and Stephen – one daughter-in-law; Katie – two granddaughters; Isabella Marianna and Zoe Olivia – and one grandson, Alexander Paul. She also shares her life with her husband Gordon Duff, many cats, and two rescues.