100-Plus-Year History of Convalescent Plasma


Convalescent Plasma Has Been Used to Treat Diseases in the Past 100 Plus Years  

Health Editor’s Note: While we have been hearing a lot about convalescent plasma during the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of convalescent plasma has been going on since the late 19th century. Over the years convalescent plasma had been used to treat measles, diphtheria, pneumonia, meningitis, plague, scarlet fever, Spanish flu, and other diseases, as well as being used to treat bleeding disorders, immune deficiencies and shock. After initially being used to treat severe COVID-19 patients, there is a question as to how effective it is for this use but clearly the use of convalescent plasma is not a Frankenstein treatment…….Carol


Carol graduated from Riverside White Cross School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio and received her diploma as a registered nurse. She attended Bowling Green State University where she received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Literature. She attended the University of Toledo, College of Nursing, and received a Master’s of Nursing Science Degree as an Educator.

She has traveled extensively, is a photographer, and writes on medical issues. Carol has three children RJ, Katherine, and Stephen – one daughter-in-law; Katie – two granddaughters; Isabella Marianna and Zoe Olivia – and one grandson, Alexander Paul. She also shares her life with husband Gordon Duff, many cats, and two rescue pups.

Carol’s Archives 2009-2013
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