African Elephants Have Been In Peril for Hundreds of Years


Negative Effects of Ivory Trade and Habitat Destruction on African Elephants

Health Editor’s Note: West African elephant tusks were analyzed to determine what specific herds the elephants came from. At the time of the harvest of the tusks, reclaimed from the ship wreck from 500 years ago, there was evidence of 17 herds where now there are only 4 herds. If we did not believe that elephants are in great peril, this is proof that elephants have been disappearing for hundreds of years. Let’s hope we can stop their destruction before they are gone from the face of the earth…..Carol 


Carol graduated from Riverside White Cross School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio and received her diploma as a registered nurse. She attended Bowling Green State University where she received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Literature. She attended the University of Toledo, College of Nursing, and received a Master’s of Nursing Science Degree as an Educator.

She has traveled extensively, is a photographer, and writes on medical issues. Carol has three children RJ, Katherine, and Stephen – one daughter-in-law; Katie – two granddaughters; Isabella Marianna and Zoe Olivia – and one grandson, Alexander Paul. She also shares her life with husband Gordon Duff, many cats, and two rescue pups.

Carol’s Archives 2009-2013
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  1. Elvin, Humans can build homes that go up in the air, for many stories if needed, not needed acres of land. Leave the land for the elephants and better yet, vacate the areas where humans have invaded elephant territories. People are movable, elephants are not. Who let people into these areas in the first place?

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