The Geneva-based SAM Organization for Rights and Liberties called on all parties to the conflict in Yemen to publish official lists of all forcibly disappeared persons as well as opening records with the data necessary to identify the victims.
It stresses the need for the Security Council and the General Assembly of the United Nations to assume their responsibilities regarding the investigation of the secret prison networks established by the parties to the conflict, especially the UAE, and to identify and record the violations that occur there and hold those responsible to account.
This was mentioned in an extensive report issued by the organization entitled: The Long Absence.. A Human Rights Report Documenting Cases of Enforced Disappearance in Yemen during the Period from 2015 to 2021. SAM says that its report (The Long Absence) is the result of three years of research and investigation, during which the team listened to 80 statements and testimonies of the families of the Victims, witnesses and some victims.
The organization explained that it was not able to reach an accurate number of victims of enforced disappearance in Yemen due to the absence of a national mechanism that can be used or can return to in this regard, not to mention the security grip that raises terror and fear among many families who are afraid to speak to the organization’s team.
According to a SAM report, the Houthi group “Ansar Allah” ranked first among the parties to the conflict in the number of enforced disappearance crimes, with 904 cases of arbitrary detention, 353 of enforced disappearances, and 138 practices of torture, including 27 deaths in the place of detention.
The internationally recognized Yemeni government is responsible for 282 arbitrary or abusive detentions and 90 cases of the practices of enforced disappearance, in addition to 65 cases of the practices of torture, including 14 deaths in the place of detention.
The UAE forces and armed groups affiliated with them bear responsibility for 419 cases of arbitrary detention, 327 cases of enforced disappearance, and 141 cases of torture, including 25 deaths in detention as the UAE deals with forcibly disappeared Yemeni civilians as if it was an outlaw group that practices kidnapping and enforced disappearance without regard to human values, international laws or the sovereignty of the Yemeni state.
In a move that appears more daring in the face of the prevailing climate of impunity, SAM’s report listed the names of a group of people involved in the crimes of arbitrary arrest and enforced disappearance in Yemen, and the list includes military leaders in the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council, the Houthi militia, the National Army and the National Resistance on the West Coast led by Tariq Saleh.
Additionally there are the Abu Abbas militias in Taiz, backed by the UAE, in addition to the two Emirati officers; Brigadier General Ahmed Abu Majid, who served as the Commander of the Arab coalition in Aden in 2017, and the Emirati officer Abu Ahmed in charge of the Al Rayyan airport detention center in Mukalla. The report also devotes a chapter to horrific stories and testimonies of former victims of arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance and torture.
SAM’s report concludes that the data available in this report on the victims of enforced disappearance in Yemen during the last conflict that began in 2014, indicate that the parties to the conflict practice the crime of enforced disappearance on a large scale, as a means of political revenge against opponents, which turned it into a great human pain that dwelt in the heart of a mother, wife and child, and surrounds the corners of every Yemeni home.
Full Report ENGLISH: https://samrl.org/pdf/en/longabsenceEN.pdf