According to the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies Nonprofit Employment Report, the nonprofit sector remained the third-largest employment sector in the United States in recent years, employing approximately 12.5 million Americans. That equates to one out of every ten working Americans.
Any business that is not organized for private commercial gain qualifies as a nonprofit. Instead, it is a business that is run for the benefit of a certain group, such as the general public or a subset of the population. However, the term “nonprofit” does not mean that the company cannot make a profit; a nonprofit corporation can profit from its goods and services.
The main distinction between forming a nonprofit corporation and forming a business (for-profit) corporation is what happens to the profits. Revenues from a business corporation are paid to the directors and shareholders for personal gain, but profits from a nonprofit organization are directly dedicated to the nonprofit’s objective or cause. They are unable to approach the directors.
However, a nonprofit can pay its employees a reasonable remuneration in exchange for their contributions to the organization, drawing a distinction between a “wage” and a “profit distribution.”
Tax Advantages of a Nonprofit
The IRS has strict guidelines for the formation and operation of a nonprofit. A nonprofit organization has a lot of advantages, including numerous tangible tax advantages. Below we will discuss these benefits:
Federal Tax Exemption
According to the IRS, the biggest tax benefit for a nonprofit organization is that it does not have to pay some taxes at all. It does not have to pay corporation income taxes if it operates entirely for the benefit of the general public. The organization must file annual returns with the IRS, as well as identify any changes in its purpose or activities, and submit to audits on a regular basis to verify that it remains compliant. It will not be taxed on the revenue it receives in exchange, allowing it to utilize those funds to support charitable organizations or otherwise achieve its declared objectives.
State and Local Tax Exemption
Nonprofit organizations can benefit from state tax benefits as well as municipal tax exemptions in addition to federal taxes. The organization must meet particular conditions depending on the jurisdiction, such as being affiliated with a recognized religion or functioning purely for the benefit of a specified cause. They don’t have to pay state or local taxes in exchange.
Tax Credit And Deduction
Nonprofit groups may be eligible for tax benefits from the federal government, state governments, and even some private institutions. These credits kick in whenever an organization figures out how much tax it owes for the year; the amount is lowered downward to reflect the credit amount. If your nonprofit owed $4,000 in taxes but was eligible for a $1,000 tax credit, it would apply the credit to its return and repay only $3,000. Donors to a nonprofit organization may be eligible for a tax deduction. The money they donate is subtracted from their earnings, which reduces their tax liability. The IRS keeps track of organizations that have this classification.
Nonprofits in some states are also free from various sorts of taxes, the most popular of which are sales and property taxes. It is suggested that entrepreneurs contact their state’s Department of Revenue (or a comparable state office) to learn more about state-specific exemptions for your nonprofit.
The procedure for forming a nonprofit corporation is similar to that of forming a profit business. For starters, the articles of incorporation are the legal documents that formally establish a business, and the one for nonprofits is quite similar to the version for for-profit businesses. If you intend to apply to be a tax-exempt nonprofit, pay attention to the IRS’s tax-exemption language in the “purpose” portion of your articles, since this can help you get 501(c)(3) status.
Nonprofits should also choose a registered agent, apply for business bank accounts, and obtain an EIN if they will have workers. The nonprofit also requires directors; some states require at least three initial directors, while others simply require one. Nonprofits are compelled by law to make their financial documents open to the public. Donors want and deserve to know how their money is being spent, therefore this makes the organization’s actions transparent. As a result, it’s critical to maintain your business finances distinct from your personal finances.
Nonprofit corporations, despite the fact that they are not for profit, play a crucial part in our society. Running one lets you contribute to a cause that you care about. The added tax benefits are also a massive bonus.