Book Review: Subordinating Intelligence

Subordinating Intelligence: The DoD/CIA Post-Cold War Relationship

Subordinating Intelligence: The DoD/CIA Post-Cold War Relationship, David P. Oakley. ISBN: 978-0-8131-7670-3 (Hardcover), ISBN: 978-0-8131-5472-5 (Paperback), ISBN: 978-0-8131-7673-4 (pdf), ISBN: 978-0-8131-7671-0 (epub), University Press of Kentucky.

In the late eighties and early nineties, driven by the post–Cold War environment and lessons learned during military operations, United States policymakers made intelligence support to the military the Intelligence Community’s top priority. In response to this demand, the CIA and DoD instituted policy and organizational changes that altered their relationship with one another. While debates over the future of the Intelligence Community were occurring on Capitol Hill, the CIA and DoD were expanding their relationship in peacekeeping and nation-building operations in Somalia and the Balkans.

By the late 1990s, some policy makers and national security professionals became concerned that intelligence support to military operations had gone too far. In Subordinating Intelligence: The DoD/CIA Post–Cold War Relationship, David P. Oakley reveals that, despite these concerns, no major changes to either national intelligence organization or its priorities were implemented. These concerns were forgotten after 9/11, as the United States fought two wars and policy makers increasingly focused on tactical and operational actions. As policy makers became fixated with terrorism and the United States fought in Iraq and Afghanistan, the CIA directed a significant amount of its resources toward global counterterrorism efforts and in support of military operations.

About the Author: David P. Oakley is a former army and CIA officer who currently serves as a faculty member at Special Operations Command’s Joint Special Operations University in Tampa, Florida.

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Carol graduated from Riverside White Cross School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio and received her diploma as a registered nurse. She attended Bowling Green State University where she received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Literature. She attended the University of Toledo, College of Nursing, and received a Master's of Nursing Science Degree as an Educator. She has traveled extensively, is a photographer, and writes on medical issues. Carol has three children RJ, Katherine, and Stephen - one daughter-in-law; Katie - two granddaughters; Isabella Marianna and Zoe Olivia - and one grandson, Alexander Paul. She also shares her life with her husband Gordon Duff, many cats, and two rescues.


  1. I would be interested in Gordon Duff’s review and/or opinion on the book and author.

    The outline of the “review,” seems to suggest the book’s author excepts, and holds to the government’s official line on 9/11.

    If that’s the case, doesn’t everything else in the book become suspect to being propaganda, and misinformation?

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