Proof Goldfish Can Navigate on Land and in Water


Watch This Goldfish Drive an Aquarium on Wheels

by Elizabeth Gamillo/

A quote often misattributed to Albert Einstein states, “Everyone is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”

By that logic, how smart is a fish that can learn to drive?

In a new study, researchers designed a suped-up aquarium on wheels to see if a goldfish can learn to navigate on dry land—and it worked. The experiment is meant to determine whether a fish’s navigation skills are universal regardless of their environment. The study will be published in the February 2022 issue of Behavioural Brain Research.

For survival, animals need navigation skills to find food, seek mates, migrate and more. However, researchers do not fully understand whether these navigation skills are specific to the environment an animal evolved to survive in. The ability to use navigation skills in unfamiliar settings is known as domain transfer methodology, reports Jonathan M. Gitlin for Ars Technica.

To determine whether a fish can navigate on dry land, the scientists used a fish-operated vehicle (FOV) with special software and a motion-sensing camera that can monitor where the fish is swimming in its rolling aquarium.

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  1. Is that evidence for molecules to microbes to man evolution over billions of years? Check out “Cataclysm from Space; 2800 B.C: The Cause of the Biblical Flood,” by Donald W. Patten:

    Catastrophism has all the evidence on its side. Uniformitarianism has virtually none.

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