Ukraine’s Armored Enterprises, Prime Russian Target

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Alert: Sourced from Russian Web Site

Map of Ukraine’s armored industry: up to 80% of large enterprises are blocked or controlled by Russia

mashnews.ruUp to 80% of the large Ukrainian enterprises engaged in the production and repair of various armored vehicles have been blockaded by Russian forces or taken under control. MASHNEWS analysts have prepared a brief overview of what these plants produce and repair, and where they are located. Due to the secrecy and changing environment, the overview does not claim to be absolutely accurate, but it does allow us to identify certain trends.

Before the start of a special military operation in Ukraine there were about 20 large enterprises for the production, modernization, and repair of automotive and armored vehicles. They were located all over the country. Especially large clusters were created back in the Soviet years in Kiev and Kharkov. The latter is famous for the legendary Russian Soviet school of tank building.

At present the Kiev and Kharkov clusters, due to the partial encirclement of these cities, are actually unable to accept damaged vehicles or to send new or repaired products to the front.

Most of Ukraine’s tank and repair plants were inherited from the Soviet Union, but after 2014 a number of new enterprises emerged in the country, mostly related to the production and repair of protected armored vehicles (MRAP).

KHARKOV CLUSTER

  1. Kharkiv Morozov Machine-Building Design Bureau. Morozov. It was founded in 1927 in the USSR. It develops and tests promising models of Ukrainian armored vehicles.
  • The company makes BTR-4E, BTR-4E1, BTR-4E (YES), BTR-4M and BTR-4K armoured personnel carriers;
  • Produces the BREM-84 “Athlet-T” combat repair and recovery vehicle based on the T-84 BM “Oplot-T” tank;
  • Produces combat modules BM-7 “Parus”; Produces simulators for the tank and APC crews.
  1. V.A. Malyshev plant. Founded in 1896 in the Russian Empire. Produces a wide range of armored vehicles, weapons and engines.

It produces the T-84 BM Oplot-T main battle tank;

  • Produces the T-80UD Beryoza main battle tank;
  • Produces BTR-4E, BTR-4E1, BTR-4E (DA), BTR-4M and BTR-4K armored personnel carriers;
  • Produces armored repair and recovery vehicle BREM-4;
  • Produces BMM-4S armored recovery and sanitation vehicle;
  • Produces combat modules BM-7 “Parus”;
  • Upgrades the T-64B tanks to the T-64BM Bulat (BM Bulat) type of tank;
  • Produces 6TD-1 (1000 hp) and 6TD-2E (1200 hp) tank engines;
  • Produces 3TD-3A (500 hp) and 3TD-4 (600 hp) engines for BTR-4E armored personnel carriers;
  • It can perform the whole range of repair and modernization of armored vehicles.
  1. Kharkov Armored Plant. It was founded in the USSR. It preserved its competence in repairing and modernizing tanks.
  • It upgrades the T-64B to the T-64BV type;
  • Modernizes T-80B tanks as T-80BV tanks;
  • Is able to repair and modernize various types of tanks.
  1. Kharkov Plant of Special Vehicles. It was founded in 1943 in the USSR. It produces and repairs various types of armored vehicles.
  • It produces BTR-3M1 and BTR-3M2 self-propelled mortars;
  • It produces an armored ambulance and recovery vehicle BMM-4S; Produces BTR-4E armored personnel carrier chassis;
  • Can repair armored vehicles of various types.
  1. Kharkov Tractor Plant. It was founded in 1931 in the USSR. It produces and repairs MT-LB.
  • Produces an armored multipurpose tractor MT-LB;
  • Can repair different types of armored vehicles.
  1. Kharkov Engine Design Bureau. It was founded in 1932 in the USSR. It develops tank engines and produces auxiliary power units.
  • The bureau is engaged in the development and testing of prototype models of promising

Ukrainian tank engines 6TD-3 (1400 hp), 6TD-4 (1500 hp) and 6TD-5 (1800 hp); Produces auxiliary power units (power units) EA-8 and EA-10.

Up to 80% of the large Ukrainian enterprises engaged in the production and repair of various armored vehicles have been blockaded by Russian forces or taken under control. MASHNEWS analysts have prepared a brief overview of what these plants produce and repair, and where they are located. Due to the secrecy and changing situation, the review does not pretend to be absolutely accurate, but it allows revealing certain trends.

KYIV CLUSTER

  1. Kiev armored vehicle plant. It was founded in 1935 in the USSR. It produces a wide range of armored vehicles and combat modules and upgrades various types of equipment.
  • The company produces BTR-3DA, BTR-3DAK, BTR-3E1, BTR-3K, BTR-3E1D, BTR-3E1U and BTR-3ES armored personnel carriers;
  • Produces the BTR-3RK self-propelled anti-tank missile system;
  • Produces BTR-3M1 and BTR-3M2 self-propelled mortars;
  • Produces the BTR-3 command and staff vehicle;
  • Produces BM-3M “Sturm-M”, BM-3S “Sturm-S”, BM-4 “Sturm” combat modules;
  • Conducts modernization of T-64B tanks to the T-64BV tank type;
  • Conducts modernization of T-72B tanks to T-72AG “Thunder” type; Provides a tracked firefighting vehicle “Impulse-3M”;
  • Conducts an armored tractor BTS-5B.
  1. State Kiev design bureau “Luch”. It was founded in 1968 in the USSR. Produces, among other things, combat modules.
  • Produces the Sarmat lightweight combat module;
  • Produces and upgrades anti-tank missile systems and simulators for them; Produces anti-tank guided missiles.
  1. The factory “Forge on Rybalsky”. Founded in 1862 in the Russian Empire. Produces, among other things, armored vehicles and combat modules.
  • Produces the Triton armored vehicle;
  • Produces a lightweight combat module Cyborg (not yet put into production).
  1. Research and Production Association “Praktika”. Founded in 1993. Produces APCs and armored vehicles.
  • Produces armored vehicle Otaman (6×6);
  • Produces Otaman (8×8) armored personnel carrier;
  • Produces special reconnaissance vehicle SRM-1 “Kozak”;
  • Produces armored vehicles “Kozak-001”, “Kozak-2”;
  • Produces Kozak-2M.1 tactical armored vehicle;
  • Produces Kazak-2M.2 armored reconnaissance vehicle.
  1. Design and Production Enterprise “Ukrainian Armored Vehicles”. Founded in 2014. Produces armored vehicles.
  • Produces armored vehicle of MRAP class “Varta”.
  1. the research and production company Techimpex. Produces APCs.
  • Produces the Varan-30 armored vehicle.
  1. Research and production company “VK Systema”.
  • Produces an armored ambulance vehicle MT-LB S Aesculapochka;
  • Assembles the armored vehicle Oncilla 4X4 L2014-UD.

REST OF UKRAINE

  1. Lviv Armored Tanks Plant. Founded in 1944 in the USSR. It produces a wide range of armored vehicles.
  • It upgrades T-64B tanks to the T-64BV type;
  • Produces Dozor-B armored vehicle;
  • Produces tracked fire-fighting vehicle GPM-72;
  • Produces an armored tractor BTS-5B.
  1. Zhytomyr Armoured Plant. It was founded in 1943 in the USSR. It produces a wide range of armored vehicles.
  • Produces BTR-4E armored personnel carrier;
  • Produces BTR-3BR armored repair and recovery vehicle;
  • Produces BTR-3S armoured recovery vehicle;
  • Produces the KBA-105 “Shkval” combat module;
  • Produces BM-7 “Parus” and BM-7 “Desna” combat modules.
  1. Nikolaev armored vehicle plant. Founded in 1948 in the USSR. Produces and modernizes a wide range of armored vehicles and produces combat modules.
  • It upgrades the BTR-70 to the BTR-70D type (BTR-7 Defender);
  • Produces the BMM-70 Ark armored ambulance and recovery vehicle;
  • Upgrades the BRDM-2 to the BRDM-2Di Khazar type; Produces combat module BM-5M.01 “Katran-M”;
  • Produces Bug combat module.
  1. AvtoKrAZ. It was founded in 1958 in the USSR. Produces a wide range of military trucks and armored vehicles.
  • Produces MRAP class armored vehicle KrAZ Shrek One;
  • Produces armored MRAP vehicle KrAZ Feona;
  • Produces an armored MRAP vehicle KrAZ Hulk;
  • Produces an armored truck KrAZ Hurricane;
  • Produces the KrAZCougar armored truck;
  • Produces the KrAZ-5233 Special Forces off-road trucks;
  • Is able to repair and modernize a wide range of automobiles and armored vehicles.
  1. The Chernigov Plant of Radio Devices (“CheZaRa”). It was founded in 1967 in the USSR. Produces, among other things, combat modules.
  • Produces a combat module “Iva”;
  • Produces components for APCs.
  1. 45 Experimental Mechanical Plant. Founded in 1943 in the USSR. It modernizes and repairs armored vehicles.
  • It upgrades BRDM-2 to BRDM-2I;
  • Repairs various types of armored vehicles; Produces and upgrades military fuel tankers.

Thus, out of the ~20 largest enterprises of the armored vehicle industry of Ukraine, up to 20% are still working normally. Given the ongoing special military operation, the potential of Ukraine’s military-industrial complex will continue to decline. At the same time, MASHNEWS analysts see the remaining opportunities as significant.

Source: mashnews.ru

SOURCEMashrews.ru

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1 COMMENT

  1. They wanted so madly to destroy everything that was done in Soviet times that we decided to help them!

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